CSS3的transition和animation的用法实例介绍

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CSS3的transition和animation的用法实例介绍

来源: 作者: 时间:2015-10-31 10:17
transition用于设定一个元素的两个状态,不同的状态可以用伪类,下面与大家分享下CSS3的transition和animation的用法,需要的朋友可以参考下
transition用于设定一个元素的两个状态,不同的状态可以用伪类,下面与大家分享下CSS3的transition和animation的用法,需要的朋友可以参考下
transition

transition 属性是
transition-property,
transition-duration,
transition-timing-function,
transition-delay
的简称,用于设定一个元素的两个状态,不同的状态可以用伪类,比如:hover, :active 或者是通过 javascript 动态设定。IE10+支持。

所以 transition 的初始值为:

transition-delay: 0s;
transition-duration: 0s;
transition-property: all;
transition-timing-function: ease;

用法

div {
transition: <property> <duration> <timing-function> <delay>;
}

并且有事件可以监测 transition 结束

el.addEventListener("transitionend",updateTransition,true);

//in webkit
el.addEventListener("webkitTransitionEnd",updateTransition,true);

实例

HTML

复制代码
代码如下:

<!-- DEMO 1: Fade Block -->
<div id="fade">
move here !
</div>
<div id="nudge">
mouse on me
</div>
<div id="bounce">Place mouse on me i will bounce!</div>
<div id="spin">Place mouse on me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i won me i will spin</div>
<div id="accordion" class="accordion">
<a href="#first">This is first tab</a>
<div id="first"><p>Lorem ipsum </p> </div>
<a href="#second">This is second tab</a>
<div id="second"><p>Lorem ipsum </p> </div>
<a href="#third">This is third tab</a>
<div id="third"><p>Lorem ipsum </p> </div>
</div>

CSS

复制代码
代码如下:

/*
DEMO 1: Fade Block
*/
div {
margin-bottom: 50px;
}
#fade {
/*opacity:1;
-webkit-transition: opacity 10s liner 10s;*/
position: relative;
transition-property: font-size;
transition-duration: 0.5s;
transition-delay: 0;
font-size: 14px;
}
#fade:hover {
font-size: 36px;
}

/* DEMO2 */
#nudge{
-webkit-transition-property: color,
background-color,padding-left;
-webkit-transition-duration: 500ms,500ms, 500ms;
}
#nudge:hover{
background-color: #efefef;
color: #333;
padding-left: 50px;
}
#bounce:hover {
-webkit-animation-name:bounce;
-webkit-animation-duration:1s;
-webkit-animation-iteration-count:2;
-webkit-animation-direction:alternate
}
@-webkit-keyframes bounce {
from{margin-left:0;}
to{margin-left:250px;}
}
#spin{
-webkit-transition: -webkit-transform 10s ease-in;
}
#spin:hover{
-webkit-transform: rotate(36000deg);
}
.accordion a{
display: block;
padding:5px 10px;
background-color:#ccc;
color:#000;
/*可以去掉链接的下划线等修饰效果*/
text-decoration:none;
}
.accordion a:hover{
background-color:#999;
}
.accordion div{
background-color:#cda;
color:#222;
}
.accordion div p{
padding:20px
}
#accordion div{
/*先隐藏起来*/
height:0;
overflow:hidden;
-webkit-transition:height 600ms ease;
}
#accordion div:target{
height:110px;
}

animation

animation 属性是如下这些属性的简写
animation-name: none
animation-duration: 0s
animation-timing-function: ease
animation-delay: 0s
animation-iteration-count: 1
animation-direction: normal
animation-fill-mode: none

用法

animation:
animation-name
time(duration)
timing-function
time(delay)
animation-iteration-count( 结束之前的循环次数)
single-animation-direction
/*{
animation-direction: normal (每次从正方向开始)
animation-direction: reverse (每次从反方向开始)
animation-direction: alternate (正反往复)
}*/
single-animation-fill-mode

实例

复制代码
代码如下:

<div class="view_port">
<div class="polling_message">
Listener for dispatches
</div>
<div class="cylon_eye">
</div>
</div>
.polling_message {
color: white;
float: left;
margin-right:2%;
}
.view_port {
background-color: black;
height: 50px;
width: 100%;
overflow: hidden;
}
.cylon_eye {
color: white;
height: 100%;
width: 80%;
background-color: red;
background-image: linear-gradient(to right, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9) 25%, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) 50%, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9) 75%);
-webkit-animation: move_eye 4s linear 0s infinite alternate;
-moz-animation: move_eye 4s linear 0s infinite alternate;
-o-animation: move_eye 4s linear 0s infinite alternate;
animation: move_eye 4s linear 0s infinite alternate;
}
@-webkit-keyframes move_eye {
from {
margin-left:-20%;
}
to {
margin-left:100%;
}
}
@-moz-keyframes move_eye {
from {
margin-left:-20%;
}
to {
margin-left:100%;
}
}
@-o-keyframes move_eye {
from {
margin-left:-20%;
}
to {
margin-left:100%;
}
}
@keyframes move_eye {
from {
margin-left:-20%;
}
to {
margin-left:100%;
}
}
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