CSS如何实现表头冻结效果

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CSS如何实现表头冻结效果

来源: 作者: 时间:2015-11-04 11:06
表头冻结想必大家已知道是什么样的效果了吧,在某些场合还是比较实用的,在本文主要为大家介绍下使用css如何实现表头冻结,感兴趣的朋友可以了解下
表头冻结想必大家已知道是什么样的效果了吧,在某些场合还是比较实用的,在本文主要为大家介绍下使用css如何实现表头冻结,感兴趣的朋友可以了解下

复制代码
代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en"><head>
<title>Pure CSS Scrollable Table with Fixed Header</title>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="language" content="en-us" />
<script type="text/javascript">
<!--
function removeClassName (elem, className) {
elem.className = elem.className.replace(className, "").trim();
}
function addCSSClass (elem, className) {
removeClassName (elem, className);
elem.className = (elem.className + " " + className).trim();
}
String.prototype.trim = function() {
return this.replace( /^\s+|\s+$/, "" );
}
function stripedTable() {
if (document.getElementById && document.getElementsByTagName) {
var allTables = document.getElementsByTagName('table');
if (!allTables) { return; }
for (var i = 0; i < allTables.length; i++) {
if (allTables[i].className.match(/[\w\s ]*scrollTable[\w\s ]*/)) {
var trs = allTables[i].getElementsByTagName("tr");
for (var j = 0; j < trs.length; j++) {
removeClassName(trs[j], 'alternateRow');
addCSSClass(trs[j], 'normalRow');
}
for (var k = 0; k < trs.length; k += 2) {
removeClassName(trs[k], 'normalRow');
addCSSClass(trs[k], 'alternateRow');
}
}
}
}
}
window.onload = function() { stripedTable(); }
-->
</script>
<style type="text/css">
<!--
/* Terence Ordona, portal[AT]imaputz[DOT]com */
/* http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ */
/* begin some basic styling here */
body {
background: #FFF;
color: #000;
font: normal normal 12px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
margin: 10px;
padding: 0
}
table, td, a {
color: #000;
font: normal normal 12px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif
}
h1 {
font: normal normal 18px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
margin: 0 0 5px 0
}
h2 {
font: normal normal 16px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
margin: 0 0 5px 0
}
h3 {
font: normal normal 13px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
color: #008000;
margin: 0 0 15px 0
}
/* end basic styling */
/* define height and width of scrollable area. Add 16px to width for scrollbar */
div.tableContainer {
clear: both;
border: 1px solid #963;
height: 285px;
overflow: auto;
width: 756px
}
/* Reset overflow value to hidden for all non-IE browsers. */
html>body div.tableContainer {
overflow: hidden;
width: 756px
}
/* define width of table. IE browsers only */
div.tableContainer table {
float: left;
width: 740px
}
/* define width of table. Add 16px to width for scrollbar. */
/* All other non-IE browsers. */
html>body div.tableContainer table {
width: 756px
}
/* set table header to a fixed position. WinIE 6.x only */
/* In WinIE 6.x, any element with a position property set to relative and is a child of */
/* an element that has an overflow property set, the relative value translates into fixed. */
/* Ex: parent element DIV with a class of tableContainer has an overflow property set to auto */
thead.fixedHeader tr {
position: relative
}
/* set THEAD element to have block level attributes. All other non-IE browsers */
/* this enables overflow to work on TBODY element. All other non-IE, non-Mozilla browsers */
html>body thead.fixedHeader tr {
display: block
}
/* make the TH elements pretty */
thead.fixedHeader th {
background: #C96;
border-left: 1px solid #EB8;
border-right: 1px solid #B74;
border-top: 1px solid #EB8;
font-weight: normal;
padding: 4px 3px;
text-align: left
}
/* make the A elements pretty. makes for nice clickable headers */
thead.fixedHeader a, thead.fixedHeader a:link, thead.fixedHeader a:visited {
color: #FFF;
display: block;
text-decoration: none;
width: 100%
}
/* make the A elements pretty. makes for nice clickable headers */
/* WARNING: swapping the background on hover may cause problems in WinIE 6.x */
thead.fixedHeader a:hover {
color: #FFF;
display: block;
text-decoration: underline;
width: 100%
}
/* define the table content to be scrollable */
/* set TBODY element to have block level attributes. All other non-IE browsers */
/* this enables overflow to work on TBODY element. All other non-IE, non-Mozilla browsers */
/* induced side effect is that child TDs no longer accept width: auto */
html>body tbody.scrollContent {
display: block;
height: 262px;
overflow: auto;
width: 100%
}
/* make TD elements pretty. Provide alternating classes for striping the table */
/* http://www.alistapart.com/articles/zebratables/ */
tbody.scrollContent td, tbody.scrollContent tr.normalRow td {
background: #FFF;
border-bottom: none;
border-left: none;
border-right: 1px solid #CCC;
border-top: 1px solid #DDD;
padding: 2px 3px 3px 4px
}
tbody.scrollContent tr.alternateRow td {
background: #EEE;
border-bottom: none;
border-left: none;
border-right: 1px solid #CCC;
border-top: 1px solid #DDD;
padding: 2px 3px 3px 4px
}
/* define width of TH elements: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd respectively. */
/* Add 16px to last TH for scrollbar padding. All other non-IE browsers. */
/* http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS2/selector.html#adjacent-selectors */
html>body thead.fixedHeader th {
width: 200px
}
html>body thead.fixedHeader th + th {
width: 240px
}
html>body thead.fixedHeader th + th + th {
width: 316px
}
/* define width of TD elements: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd respectively. */
/* All other non-IE browsers. */
/* http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS2/selector.html#adjacent-selectors */
html>body tbody.scrollContent td {
width: 200px
}
html>body tbody.scrollContent td + td {
width: 240px
}
html>body tbody.scrollContent td + td + td {
width: 300px
}
-->
</style>
</head><body>
<div id="tableContainer" class="tableContainer">
<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%" class="scrollTable">
<thead class="fixedHeader">
<tr>
<th><a href="#">Header 1</a></th>
<th><a href="#">Header 2</a></th>
<th><a href="#">Header 3</a></th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody class="scrollContent">
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And Repeat 1</td>
<td>And Repeat 2</td>
<td>And Repeat 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Even More Cell Content 1</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 2</td>
<td>Even More Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>End of Cell Content 1</td>
<td>End of Cell Content 2</td>
<td>End of Cell Content 3</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</body></html>
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