DECODE函数的用法

DECODE()使用方法：
decode(条件,值1,翻译值1,值2,翻译值2,...值n,翻译值n,缺省值)
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DECODE()含义说明：
IF 条件=值1 THEN
RETURN(翻译值1)
ELSIF 条件=值2 THEN
RETURN(翻译值2)
......
ELSIF 条件=值n THEN
RETURN(翻译值n)
ELSE
RETURN(缺省值)
END IF
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DECODE scalar function

.--------------------------------------.
V                                      |
>>-DECODE--(--expression1----,--expression2--,--result-expression-+--+--------------------+--)-><
'-,--else-expression-'

The schema is SYSIBM.
The DECODE function compares each expression2 to expression1. If expression1 is equal to expression2, or both expression1 andexpression2 are null, the value of the following result-expresssion is returned. If no expression2 matches expression1, the value ofelse-expression is returned; otherwise a null value is returned.
The DECODE function is similar to the CASE expression except for the handling of null values:
A null value of expression1 will match a corresponding null value of expression2.
If the NULL keyword is used as an argument in the DECODE function, it must be cast to an appropriate data type.
The rules for determining the result type of a DECODE expression are based on the corresponding CASE expression.
Examples:
The DECODE expression:
DECODE (c1, 7, 'a', 6, 'b', 'c')
achieves the same result as the following CASE expression:
CASE c1
WHEN 7 THEN 'a'
WHEN 6 THEN 'b'
ELSE 'c'
END
Similarly, the DECODE expression:
DECODE (c1, var1, 'a', var2, 'b')
where the values of c1, var1, and var2 could be null values, achieves the same result as the following CASE expression:
CASE
WHEN c1 = var1 OR (c1 IS NULL AND var1 IS NULL) THEN 'a'
WHEN c1 = var2 OR (c1 IS NULL AND var2 IS NULL) THEN 'b'
ELSE NULL
END
Consider also the following query:
SELECT ID, DECODE(STATUS, 'A', 'Accepted',
'D', 'Denied',
CAST(NULL AS VARCHAR(1)), 'Unknown',
'Other')
FROM CONTRACTS
Here is the same statement using a CASE expression:
SELECT ID,
CASE
WHEN STATUS = 'A' THEN 'Accepted'
WHEN STATUS = 'D' THEN 'Denied'
WHEN STATUS IS NULL THEN 'Unknown'
ELSE 'Other'
END
FROM CONTRACTS