jsonlib中jsonConfig的配置

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jsonlib中jsonConfig的配置

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-04 09:15 【

json-lib的普及率应该还是比较广的,不过在Spring中倒是倾向于jackson,无奈新项目做到一般才知道jackson,所以还是依旧使用了json-lib~改变某种类型默认 20540;的序列化 20540;在序列化的时候

json-lib的普及率应该还是比较广的,不过在Spring中倒是倾向于jackson,无奈新项目做到一般才知道jackson,所以还是依旧使用了json-lib~


改变某种类型默认值的序列化值


在序列化的时候,比较常见的问题是为null的int型字段,被序列化后就赋值成0了,这在有些时候不是我们想看到的结果,那怎么办呢?

json-lib提供了JsonConfig对象供我们来自定义一些序列化时的操作:

		jsonConfig.registerDefaultValueProcessor(Integer.class,
				new DefaultValueProcessor() {
					@Override
					public Object getDefaultValue(Class type) {
						return null;
					}
				});

也就是说,对于需要 序列化的对象的Integer的字段来说,只要值为null(也就是Integer的默认值),那么在序列化成json的时候,该key的value则也会为null

我们可以通过以下代码测试一下:

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig();
		jsonConfig.registerDefaultValueProcessor(Integer.class,
				new DefaultValueProcessor() {
					@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
					@Override
					public Object getDefaultValue(Class type) {
						return "";
					}
				});

		Employee employee = new Employee();
		employee.setName("zhu");
		employee.setRole(1);
		System.out.println(JSONObject.fromObject(employee));
		System.out.println(JSONObject.fromObject(employee, jsonConfig));
	}

输出为:

{"depno":"","empno":"","groupno":0,"name":"zhu","online":0,"phone":"","role":1}
{"depno":"","empno":"","groupno":null,"name":"zhu","online":null,"phone":"","role":1}


改变某种类型的序列化策略


考虑在序列化的时候我们可能并不想原模原样的照着 对象 的值来序列化,也许我们想要玩点花样?比如加个密啊,或者加个格式化的策略

就拿Date类型来说吧,如果说按照默认的序列化策略,看看会是什么结果:

{"birthday":{"date":24,"day":3,"hours":11,"minutes":33,"month":11,"seconds":4,"time":1419391984356,"timezoneOffset":-480,"year":114}}

我想大多数情况下你应该不会是想要这种结果吧?格式化成“yyyy-MM-dd”这种格式也许是最常见的

那么我们可以通过为Date类型的字段配置一个我们自己的Processor:

首先,我们需要实现JsonValueProcessor接口,这个接口有两个方法需要实现:

public Object processObjectValue(String paramString,Object paramObject, JsonConfig paramJsonConfig);

public Object processArrayValue(Object paramObject,JsonConfig paramJsonConfig);



当对象的某个属性是该类型时,那么调用processObjectValue(...)方法来序列化该属性

而当对象的某个属性是该类型的数组或List时,那么调用processArrayValue(...)方法来序列化该属性

知道了这个,下面我们就来实现序列化中Date类型的格式化吧,这里对于Date的数组类型就不处理了,直接返回null:

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig();
		jsonConfig.registerJsonValueProcessor(Date.class,
				new JsonValueProcessor() {

					/**
					 * paramString -> 参数名 paramObject -> 参数值
					 */
					@Override
					public Object processObjectValue(String paramString,
							Object paramObject, JsonConfig paramJsonConfig) {
						if (paramObject == null) {
							return null;
						}
						String ret = null;
						try {
							SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat(
									"yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
							ret = format.format((Date) paramObject);
						} catch (Exception e) {
							SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat(
									"yyyy-MM-dd");
							ret = format.format((Date) paramObject);
						}
						return ret;
					}

					@Override
					public Object processArrayValue(Object paramObject,
							JsonConfig paramJsonConfig) {
						return null;
					}
				});
		Employee employee = new Employee();
		employee.setName("zhu");
		employee.setRole(1);
		employee.setBirthday(new Date());
		System.out.println("no jsonConfig:" + JSONObject.fromObject(employee));
		System.out.println("with jsonConfig:" + JSONObject.fromObject(employee, jsonConfig));
	}

输出结果是:

no jsonConfig:{"birthday":{"date":24,"day":3,"hours":13,"minutes":46,"month":11,"seconds":31,"time":1419399991491,"timezoneOffset":-480,"year":114},"depno":"","empno":"","groupno":0,"name":"zhu","online":0,"phone":"","role":1}
with jsonConfig:{"birthday":"2014-12-24 13:46:31","depno":"","empno":"","groupno":0,"name":"zhu","online":0,"phone":"","role":1}


过滤需要序列化的属性


过滤某些不必要序列化的属性有两种方式:1、给定一个过滤条件,若满足则被过滤掉 2、直接指定需要过滤的属性名 先来看看第一种:
public static void main(String[] args) {
		JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig();
		jsonConfig.setJsonPropertyFilter(new PropertyFilter() {
			@Override
			public boolean apply(Object source, String name, Object value) {
				return value == null;
			}
		});
		Employee employee = new Employee();
		employee.setName("zhu");
		employee.setRole(1);
		System.out.println("no jsonConfig:" + JSONObject.fromObject(employee));
		System.out.println("with jsonConfig:" + JSONObject.fromObject(employee, jsonConfig));
	}

输出结果是:

no jsonConfig:{"birthday":null,"depno":"","empno":"","groupno":0,"name":"zhu","online":0,"phone":"","role":1}
with jsonConfig:{"name":"zhu","role":1}

第二种过滤方式,直接根据属性的名称:

public static void main(String[] args) {
		JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig();
		jsonConfig.setExcludes(new String[] { "depno", "empno", "groupno",
				"online" });
		Employee employee = new Employee();
		employee.setName("zhu");
		employee.setRole(1);
		System.out.println("no jsonConfig:" + JSONObject.fromObject(employee));
		System.out.println("with jsonConfig:"
				+ JSONObject.fromObject(employee, jsonConfig));
	}

可以看到,这里通过jsonConfig.setExcludes(new String[]{"double", "boolean"});将double和boolean这两个属性

输出结果:

no jsonConfig:{"birthday":null,"depno":"","empno":"","groupno":0,"name":"zhu","online":0,"phone":"","role":1}
with jsonConfig:{"birthday":null,"name":"zhu","phone":"","role":1}




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