CentOS5.9下安装配置keepalived

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CentOS5.9下安装配置keepalived

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-14 17:21 【

keepalived是由C语言编写的路由软件,是lvs的扩展项目,主要用作RealServer的健康状态检查以及LoadBalance主机和BackUP主机之间failover的实现。keepalived是一个类似于layer3, 4 7交换机制的软件,

keepalived是由C语言编写的路由软件,是lvs的扩展项目,主要用作RealServer的健康状态检查以及LoadBalance主机和BackUP主机之间failover的实现。keepalived是一个类似于layer3, 4 & 7制的软件,也就是我们平时说的第3层、第4层和第7层交换。本文主要介绍了其安装过程供大家参考。

 

1、获取安装软件

 

2、安装前提

a、确保ipvs已经被安装
#如下,执行ipvsadm检查ipvs是否已经安装(当前大多数Linux缺省已安装)
[[email protected] ~]# ipvsadm
IP Virtual Server version 1.2.1 (size=4096)
Prot LocalAddress:Port Scheduler Flags
  -> RemoteAddress:Port           Forward Weight ActiveConn InActConn

#检查当前加载的内核模块,看是否存在ip_vs模块
[[email protected] ~]# lsmod|grep ip_vs 
ip_vs                 122113  0 

b、安装相应的依赖包
# yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 ncurses-devel bison libaio-devel \
> cmake libnl* libpopt* popt-static openssl-devel

3、安装keepalived

[[email protected] ~]# more /etc/issue
CentOS release 5.9 (Final)

# mkdir /usr/local/keepalived
# cd /usr/local/src
# wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.2.13.tar.gz
# tar -xvf keepalived-1.2.13.tar.gz 
# cd keepalived-1.2.13
# ./configure --disable-fwmark --prefix=/usr/local/keepalived
         ...............
Keepalived configuration
------------------------
Keepalived version       : 1.2.13
Compiler                 : gcc
Compiler flags           : -g -O2 -DETHERTYPE_IPV6=0x86dd
Extra Lib                : -lssl -lcrypto -lcrypt 
Use IPVS Framework       : Yes
IPVS sync daemon support : Yes
IPVS use libnl           : No
fwmark socket support    : No
Use VRRP Framework       : Yes
Use VRRP VMAC            : No
SNMP support             : No
SHA1 support             : No
Use Debug flags          : No

# make && make install
# ls /usr/local/keepalived/  #查看安装完成后,生成了4个目录
bin  etc  sbin  share

# cd /usr/local/keepalived/etc
[[email protected] etc]# tree
.
|-- keepalived
|   |-- keepalived.conf   #keepalived的配置样例
|   `-- samples
|       |-- client.pem
|       |-- dh1024.pem
|       |-- keepalived.conf.HTTP_GET.port
|       |-- keepalived.conf.IPv6
|       |-- keepalived.conf.SMTP_CHECK
|       |-- keepalived.conf.SSL_GET
|       |-- keepalived.conf.fwmark
|       |-- keepalived.conf.inhibit
|       |-- keepalived.conf.misc_check
|       |-- keepalived.conf.misc_check_arg
|       |-- keepalived.conf.quorum
|       |-- keepalived.conf.sample
|       |-- keepalived.conf.status_code
|       |-- keepalived.conf.track_interface
|       |-- keepalived.conf.virtual_server_group
|       |-- keepalived.conf.virtualhost
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.localcheck
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.lvs_syncd
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.routes
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.scripts
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.static_ipaddress
|       |-- keepalived.conf.vrrp.sync
|       |-- root.pem
|       `-- sample.misccheck.smbcheck.sh
|-- rc.d
|   `-- init.d
|       `-- keepalived
`-- sysconfig
    `-- keepalived

# cd /usr/local/keepalived/sbin
# ./keepalived --help            #获取keepalived的一些帮助
Usage: ./keepalived [OPTION...]
  -f, --use-file=FILE          Use the specified configuration file
  -P, --vrrp                   Only run with VRRP subsystem
  -C, --check                  Only run with Health-checker subsystem
  -l, --log-console            Log messages to local console
  -D, --log-detail             Detailed log messages
  -S, --log-facility=[0-7]     Set syslog facility to LOG_LOCAL[0-7]
  -V, --dont-release-vrrp      Don't remove VRRP VIPs and VROUTEs on daemon stop
  -I, --dont-release-ipvs      Don't remove IPVS topology on daemon stop
  -R, --dont-respawn           Don't respawn child processes
  -n, --dont-fork              Don't fork the daemon process
  -d, --dump-conf              Dump the configuration data
  -p, --pid=FILE               Use specified pidfile for parent process
  -r, --vrrp_pid=FILE          Use specified pidfile for VRRP child process
  -c, --checkers_pid=FILE      Use specified pidfile for checkers child process
  -v, --version                Display the version number
  -h, --help                   Display this help message

# mkdir /etc/keepalived/
# cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/  
# cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/init.d/
# cp /usr/local/keepalived/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/
# ln -s /usr/local/keepalived/sbin/keepalived /sbin/

# service keepalived restart
Stopping keepalived: [FAILED]
Starting keepalived: [  OK  ]

# service keepalived status
keepalived (pid  12092) is running...

# chkconfig keepalived on

# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:84:04:2c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.66/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.200.16/32 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.200.17/32 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.200.18/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fe84:42c/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: sit0: <NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop 
    link/sit 0.0.0.0 brd 0.0.0.0

4、有关keepalived.conf的配置项

[[email protected] keepalived]# more keepalived.conf
! Configuration File for keepalived

#全局定义块,包含邮件定义部分,
global_defs {
   notification_email {
     
     
     
   }
   notification_email_from 
   smtp_server 192.168.200.1
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL  //负载均衡器标识,在一个网络内,它应该是唯一的
}

#VRRP实例定义块,负责负载均衡器之间的失败切换
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER                       //只有MASTER和BACKUP 2种状态,主为MASTER,从为BACKUP,使用大写                                        
    interface eth0                     //监控的网络接口                                               
    virtual_router_id 51               //同一实例下virtual_router_id必须相同                           
    priority 100                       //定义优先级,数字越大,优先级越高                            
    advert_int 1                       //MASTER与BACKUP负载均衡器之间同步检查的时间间隔,单位是秒      
    authentication {                   //验证类型和密码                                                
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {                //虚拟ip地址virtual_ipaddress,可以定义多个
        192.168.200.16
        192.168.200.17
        192.168.200.18
    }
}

#虚拟服务器定义块
virtual_server 192.168.200.100 443 {                               //定义虚拟服务器                                           
    delay_loop 6                                                   //delay_loop,健康检查时间间隔,单位是秒                                    
    lb_algo rr                                                     //负载调度算法,这里设置为rr,即轮询算法,互联网应用常使用wlc或rr                       
    lb_kind NAT                                                    //负载均衡转发规则。一般包括DR,NAT,TUN3种,在我的方案中,都使用DR的方式   
    nat_mask 255.255.255.0                                         //子网掩码      
    persistence_timeout 50                                         //会话保持时间,单位是秒(可以适当延长时间以保持session)                                
    protocol TCP                                                   //转发协议类型,有tcp和udp两种 
                                                                                    
    real_server 192.168.201.100 443 {                              //真实服务器IP及端口                                            
        weight 1                                                   //默认为1,0为失效                          
        SSL_GET {                                                                   
            url {                                                                   
              path /                                                                
              digest ff20ad2481f97b1754ef3e12ecd3a9cc                               
            }
            url {
              path /mrtg/
              digest 9b3a0c85a887a256d6939da88aabd8cd
            }
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
}

virtual_server 10.10.10.2 1358 {
    delay_loop 6
    lb_algo rr 
    lb_kind NAT
    persistence_timeout 50
    protocol TCP

    sorry_server 192.168.200.200 1358

    real_server 192.168.200.2 1358 {
        weight 1
        HTTP_GET {
            url { 
              path /testurl/test.
              digest 640205b7b0fc66c1ea91c463fac6334d
            }
            url { 
              path /testurl2/test.jsp
              digest 640205b7b0fc66c1ea91c463fac6334d
            }
            url { 
              path /testurl3/test.jsp
              digest 640205b7b0fc66c1ea91c463fac6334d
            }
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }

    real_server 192.168.200.3 1358 {
        weight 1
        HTTP_GET {
            url { 
              path /testurl/test.jsp
              digest 640205b7b0fc66c1ea91c463fac6334c
            }
            url { 
              path /testurl2/test.jsp
              digest 640205b7b0fc66c1ea91c463fac6334c
            }
            connect_timeout 3
            nb_get_retry 3
            delay_before_retry 3
        }
    }
}

5、配置主备keepalived

a、配置主备keepalived
#主,以下主要列出keepalived.conf差异部分
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.220
        192.168.1.230
    }
}

#备,以下主要列出keepalived.conf差异部分
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP 
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 90 
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.220
        192.168.1.230
    }
}

b、测试主备keepalived
#启动主服务器上的keepalived服务
[[email protected] ~]# service keepalived start
Starting keepalived: [  OK  ]

[[email protected] ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:84:1f:37 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.65/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.1.220/32 scope global eth0    #可以看到220和230的虚IP
    inet 192.168.1.230/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fe84:1f37/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: sit0: <NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop 
    link/sit 0.0.0.0 brd 0.0.0.0

#启动备用服务器上的keepalived服务
[[email protected] ~]# service keepalived start
Starting keepalived: [  OK  ]
#下面的查询结果中,虚IP220和230并为出现在备用服务器
[[email protected] ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:84:04:2c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.66/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fe84:42c/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: sit0: <NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop 
    link/sit 0.0.0.0 brd 0.0.0.0

#关闭主服务上的keepalived服务,观察vip是否会漂移到备用服务        
[[email protected] ~]# service keepalived stop
Stopping keepalived: [  OK  ]
[[email protected] ~]# ip addr    #关闭后,该命令可以看到220和230的虚IP已经不存在于主服务器
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:84:1f:37 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.65/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fe84:1f37/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: sit0: <NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop 
    link/sit 0.0.0.0 brd 0.0.0.0

#此时在备用服务器上查看到了漂移的vip地址
[[email protected] ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:50:56:84:04:2c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.66/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.1.220/32 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.1.230/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::250:56ff:fe84:42c/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: sit0: <NOARP> mtu 1480 qdisc noop 
    link/sit 0.0.0.0 brd 0.0.0.0

#如果再次启动主服务器上的keepalived服务,则会vip自动漂移到主服务器,不再验证。
#Author : Leshami
#Blog   :http://blog.csdn.net/leshami

6、配置双主keepalived

双主的keepalived方式实际上是互为主备,以避免单点故障
#配置主备keepalived
MasterA: 192.168.1.65, VirtualIP: 192.168.1.220
MasterB: 192.168.1.66, VirtualIP: 192.168.1.230
#主,以下主要列出keepalived.conf差异部分
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.220
    }
}

vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state BACKUP
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 90
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.230
    }
}

#备,以下主要列出keepalived.conf差异部分
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 90
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.220
    }
}

vrrp_instance VI_2 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 52
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.1.230
    }
}

#从上面的配置文件中可以看出,实际上是增加了一个vrrp实例
#验证过程略

7、编译时的错误No SO_MARK

#如果在编译时碰到了No SO_MARK错误,如下
# ./configure 
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
          ...........
checking for nl_socket_alloc in -lnl-3... no
checking for nl_socket_modify_cb in -lnl... no
configure: WARNING: keepalived will be built without libnl support.
checking for kernel version... 2.6.18
checking for IPVS syncd support... yes
checking for kernel macvlan support... no
checking whether SO_MARK is declared... no
configure: error: No SO_MARK declaration in headers

#可以通过增加disable-fwmark参数来解决
--disable-fwmark        compile without SO_MARK support

 

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