sqlserver实现树形结构递归查询(无限极分类)

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sqlserver实现树形结构递归查询(无限极分类)

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-13 16:40 【

SQL Server 2005开始,我们可以直接通过CTE来支持递归查询,CTE即公用表表达式百度百科公用表表达式(CTE),是一个在查询中定义的临时命名结果集将在from子句中使用它。每个CTE仅被定义一
SQL Server 2005开始,我们可以直接通过CTE来支持递归查询,CTE即公用表表达式
 
百度百科
 
公用表表达式(CTE),是一个在查询中定义的临时命名结果集将在from子句中使用它。每个CTE仅被定义一次(但在其作用域内可以被引用任意次),并且在该查询生存期间将一直生存。可以使用CTE来执行递归操作。创建的语法是:
with <name of you cte>(<column names>)
as(
<actual query>
)
select * from <name of your cte>
 
生成数据
 
--菜单目录结构表
create table tb_menu(
 id int not null, --主键id
title varchar(50), --标题
 parent int --parent id
);
--父菜单
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(1, '父菜单1',null);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(2, '父菜单2',null);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(3, '父菜单3',null);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(4, '父菜单4',null);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(5, '父菜单5',null);
--一级菜单
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(6, '一级菜单6',1);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(7, '一级菜单7',1);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(8, '一级菜单8',1);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(9, '一级菜单9',2);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(10, '一级菜单10',2);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(11, '一级菜单11',2);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(12, '一级菜单12',3);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(13, '一级菜单13',3);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(14, '一级菜单14',3);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(15, '一级菜单15',4);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(16, '一级菜单16',4);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(17, '一级菜单17',4);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(18, '一级菜单18',5);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(19, '一级菜单19',5);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(20, '一级菜单20',5);
--二级菜单
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(21, '二级菜单21',6);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(22, '二级菜单22',6);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(23, '二级菜单23',7);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(24, '二级菜单24',7);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(25, '二级菜单25',8);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(26, '二级菜单26',9);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(27, '二级菜单27',10);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(28, '二级菜单28',11);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(29, '二级菜单29',12);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(30, '二级菜单30',13);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(31, '二级菜单31',14);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(32, '二级菜单32',15);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(33, '二级菜单33',16);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(34, '二级菜单34',17);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(35, '二级菜单35',18);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(36, '二级菜单36',19);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(37, '二级菜单37',20);
 
--三级菜单
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(38, '三级菜单38',21);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(39, '三级菜单39',22);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(40, '三级菜单40',23);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(41, '三级菜单41',24);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(42, '三级菜单42',25);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(43, '三级菜单43',26);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(44, '三级菜单44',27);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(45, '三级菜单45',28);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(46, '三级菜单46',28);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(47, '三级菜单47',29);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(48, '三级菜单48',30);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(49, '三级菜单49',31);
insert into tb_menu(id, title, parent) values(50, '三级菜单50',31);
commit;
 
2.查找所有上级节点
 
--查询树状结构某节点(44)的上级所有根节点
 
with cte_parent(id,title,parent)
 
as
 
(
 
    --起始条件
 
    select id,title,parent
 
    from tb_menu
 
    where id = 44   --列出子节点查询条件
 
    union all
 
    --递归条件
 
    select a.id,a.title,a.parent
 
    from tb_menu a
 
    inner join 
 
    cte_parent b          --执行递归,这里就要理解下了 
 
    on a.id=b.parent  
 
)                       
 
select * from cte_parent;
 
 
3.查找下级节点带level
 
 --查询树状结构某节点下的所有子节点(
 
with cte_child(id,title,parent,level)
 
as
 
(
 
    --起始条件
 
    select id,title,parent,0 as level
 
    from tb_menu
 
    where id = 6--列出父节点查询条件
 
    union all
 
    --递归条件
 
    select a.id,a.title,a.parent,b.level+1
 
    from tb_menu a
 
    inner join 
 
    cte_child b
 
    on ( a.parent=b.id)  
 
)
 
select  * from cte_child;
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