sqlite基本使用方法

页面导航:首页 > 数据库 > MsSql > sqlite基本使用方法

sqlite基本使用方法

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-20 09:48 【

新建(打开)数据库文件sqlite3 mydata db 指定数据库文件启动sqlite open mydata db 使用 open命令打开打开数据库文件帮助信息sqlite help backup ?DB? FILE Backup DB (
新建(打开)文件
sqlite3 mydata.db # 指定数据库文件启动sqlite
.open mydata.db   # 使用.open命令打开打开数据库文件

帮助信息
sqlite> .help
.backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default "main") to FILE
.bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF
.clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database
.databases             List names and files of attached databases
.dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format
                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching
                         LIKE pattern TABLE.
.echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off
.eqp on|off            Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
.exit                  Exit this program
.explain ?on|off?      Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.
                         With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.
.fullschema            Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables
.headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off
.help                  Show this message
.import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
.indices ?TABLE?       Show names of all indices
                         If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables
                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.
.load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library
.log FILE|off          Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout
.mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:
                         csv      Comma-separated values
                         column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)
                              HTML <table> code
                         insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE
                         line     One value per line
                         list     Values delimited by .separator string
                         tabs     Tab-separated values
                         tcl      TCL list elements
.nullvalue STRING      Use STRING in place of NULL values
.once FILENAME         Output for the next SQL command only to FILENAME
.open ?FILENAME?       Close existing database and reopen FILENAME
.output ?FILENAME?     Send output to FILENAME or stdout
.print STRING...       Print literal STRING

数据库信息
sqlite> .databases
seq  name             file
---  ---------------  -------------------------------------
0    main             D:\tool\mydata.db

表列表
sqlite> .table
book
sqlite>

表信息
sqlite> .schema book
CREATE TABLE "book"(name TEXT, price float, SN TEXT PRIMARY KEY);
sqlite> .fullschema
CREATE TABLE "book"(name TEXT, price float, SN TEXT PRIMARY KEY);
/* No STAT tables available */
sqlite> .schema
CREATE TABLE "book"(name TEXT, price float, SN TEXT PRIMARY KEY);
sqlite>


显示设置选项
sqlite> .show
     echo: off
      eqp: off
  explain: off
  headers: off
     mode: list
nullvalue: ""
   output: stdout
separator: "|" "\r\n"
    stats: off
    width:
sqlite>


创建表
sqlite> CREATE TABLE staff(NO TEXT PRIMARY KEY, name VARCHAR(32), age int);
sqlite> .table
book   staff
sqlite>

插入数据记录到表
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014001", "马化腾", 3);
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014002", "马云", 4);;
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014002", "李彦宏", 6);;
Error: UNIQUE constraint failed: staff.NO
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014003", "李彦宏", 6);
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014004", "胡夸风", 6);
sqlite> INSERT INTO staff VALUES("2014006", "窦思涡", 11);
sqlite> select * from staff
   ...> ;
2014001|马化腾|3
2014002|马云|4
2014003|李彦宏|6
2014004|胡夸风|6
2014006|窦思涡|11
sqlite>

查看表中记录
sqlite> select * from staff;
2014001|马化腾|3
2014002|马云|4
2014003|李彦宏|6
2014004|胡夸风|6
2014006|窦思涡|11
sqlite> select * from staff where age > 6;
2014006|窦思涡|11
sqlite> select * from staff where age >= 6;
2014003|李彦宏|6
2014004|胡夸风|6
2014006|窦思涡|11
sqlite> select * from staff where age >= 6 order by name;
2014004|胡夸风|6
2014003|李彦宏|6
2014006|窦思涡|11
sqlite> select * from staff where age >= 6 order by namec desc;
Error: no such column: namec
sqlite> select * from staff where age >= 6 order by name desc;
2014006|窦思涡|11
2014003|李彦宏|6
2014004|胡夸风|6
sqlite> select AVG(age) from staff;
6.0
sqlite>

更新表中记录
sqlite> update staff set age=age+10;
sqlite> select * from staff;
2014001|马化腾|13
2014002|马云|14
2014003|李彦宏|16
2014004|胡夸风|16
2014006|窦思涡|21
sqlite> select * from staff where age < 15;
2014001|马化腾|13
2014002|马云|14
sqlite> update staff set age=age+10 where age < 15;
sqlite> select * from staff;
2014001|马化腾|23
2014002|马云|24
2014003|李彦宏|16
2014004|胡夸风|16
2014006|窦思涡|21
sqlite>

删除表中记录
sqlite> select * from staff;
2014001|马化腾|23
2014002|马云|24
2014003|李彦宏|16
2014004|胡夸风|16
2014006|窦思涡|21
2014113|will delete|23
sqlite> delete from staff where NO='2014113';
sqlite> select * from staff;
2014001|马化腾|23
2014002|马云|24
2014003|李彦宏|16
2014004|胡夸风|16
2014006|窦思涡|21
sqlite>

Tags:

文章评论

最 近 更 新
热 点 排 行
Js与CSS工具
代码转换工具

<