到底还是开源软件,MySQL对复合分区的支持远远没有丰富。
 
在MySQL 5.6版本中,只支持RANGE和LIST的子分区,且子分区的类型只能为HASH和KEY。
 
譬如:
 
CREATE TABLE ts (id INT, purchased DATE)
    PARTITION BY RANGE( YEAR(purchased) )
    SUBPARTITION BY HASH( TO_DAYS(purchased) )
    SUBPARTITIONS 2 (
        PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990),
        PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (2000),
        PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE
    );

 

 
上述创建语句中,最外层是RANGE分区,分为3个区,里面是HASH子分区,分为2个区,这样,该表一共分了3*2=6个分区。
 
当然,也可以用SUBPARTITION语句来显示定义子分区。

CREATE TABLE ts (id INT, purchased DATE)
    PARTITION BY RANGE( YEAR(purchased) )
    SUBPARTITION BY HASH( TO_DAYS(purchased) ) (
        PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990) (
            SUBPARTITION s0,
            SUBPARTITION s1
        ),
        PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (2000) (
            SUBPARTITION s2,
            SUBPARTITION s3
        ),
        PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE (
            SUBPARTITION s4,
            SUBPARTITION s5
        )
    );

 

 
注意:
 
1> 如果你在分区中使用了SUBPARTITION语句,则每个分区中都必须定义,且每个分区中子分区的数量必须保持一致。譬如以下两种用法就会报错:
 
CREATE TABLE ts (id INT, purchased DATE)
    PARTITION BY RANGE( YEAR(purchased) )
    SUBPARTITION BY HASH( TO_DAYS(purchased) ) (
        PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990) (
            SUBPARTITION s0,
            SUBPARTITION s1
        ),
        PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (2000) (
            SUBPARTITION s2
        ),
        PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE (
            SUBPARTITION s3,
            SUBPARTITION s4
        )
    );


CREATE TABLE ts (id INT, purchased DATE)
    PARTITION BY RANGE( YEAR(purchased) )
    SUBPARTITION BY HASH( TO_DAYS(purchased) ) (
        PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990) (
            SUBPARTITION s0,
            SUBPARTITION s1
        ),
        PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (2000),
        PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE (
            SUBPARTITION s2,
            SUBPARTITION s3
        )
    );

 

2> 在SUBPARTITION语句中,可指定该分区的物理位置。譬如:
 
 
CREATE TABLE ts (id INT, purchased DATE)
    PARTITION BY RANGE(YEAR(purchased))
    SUBPARTITION BY HASH( TO_DAYS(purchased) ) (
        PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990) (
            SUBPARTITION s0a
                DATA DIRECTORY = '/disk0'
                INDEX DIRECTORY = '/disk1',
            SUBPARTITION s0b
                DATA DIRECTORY = '/disk2'
                INDEX DIRECTORY = '/disk3'
        ),
        PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (2000) (
            SUBPARTITION s1a
                DATA DIRECTORY = '/disk4/data'
                INDEX DIRECTORY = '/disk4/idx',
            SUBPARTITION s1b
                DATA DIRECTORY = '/disk5/data'
                INDEX DIRECTORY = '/disk5/idx'
        ),
        PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE (
            SUBPARTITION s2a,
            SUBPARTITION s2b
        )
    );

 

 
以上这个创建语句,将不同的分区分布到不同的物理路径下,无疑会极大的分散IO,这一点还是蛮吸引人的。
 
可惜,在本机测试过程中,报“ERROR 1030 (HY000): Got error -1 from storage engine”错误,具体原因还不太清楚,怀疑是MySQL的bug。