MySQL 数据库常见调优方法及参数设置

页面导航:首页 > 数据库 > Mysql > MySQL 数据库常见调优方法及参数设置

MySQL 数据库常见调优方法及参数设置

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-14 17:29 【

1. 关闭 SELinuxvim /etc/selinux/config 更改 SELINUX=enforcing 为 SELINUX=disabled2. 更改 IO Schedule, 对于 SSD 硬盘无需更改echo deadline /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler3. 更改 u...
1. 关闭 SELinux
 
vim /etc/selinux/config 更改 SELINUX=enforcing 为 SELINUX=disabled
 
2. 更改 IO Schedule, 对于 SSD 硬盘无需更改
 
echo deadline > /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler
 
3. 更改 ulimit
vim /etc/security/limits.conf

*               soft    nofile          65535
*               hard    nofile          65535
root            soft    nofile          65535
root            hard    nofile          65535
4. 更改内核参数
vim /etc/sysctl.conf

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 3000
net.core.optmem_max = 20480
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 8388608
net.core.wmem_default = 1048576
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576

net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 786432 1048576 1572864
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 32768 4194304 8388608
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem =  8192 4194304 8388608

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 2048

net.ipv4.tcp_retries2 = 5
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 3600
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 9

net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 10240 61000

fs.file-max = 6815744
vm.swappiness = 0

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.ctrl-alt-del = 1

 

 
5. MySQL 5.6.10 自身设置
 
# 以下针对 24G 内存服务器设置 my.cnf

# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/server-configuration-defaults.

[d]

# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.

socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

max_connections = 1024
max_connect_errors = 10000
max_allowed_packet = 16M

skip-name-resolve
lower_case_table_names = 1

thread_cache = 128
table_open_cache = 1024

query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 128M

join_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 2M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M

max_heap_table_size = 128M
tmp_table_size = 128M
tmpdir = /dev/shm

binlog_cache_size = 12M
max_binlog_size = 512M
expire_logs_days = 3

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16G
innodb_use_sys_malloc = 1

# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_buffer_size = 32M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin

# These are commonly set, remove the # and set as required.
# basedir = .....
# datadir = .....
# port = .....
# server_id = .....
# socket = .....

# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M 

# slow_query_log = 1
# slow_query_log_file = slow.log
# long_query_time = 1
# log_queries_not_using_indexes

# log-bin = mysql-bin
# server-id = 1
# innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
# sync_binlog = 1

sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

 

附上 MySQL 5.6.10 编译参数:
 
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.10.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.6.10
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_DEBUG=0 -DCURSES_LIBRARY=/usr/lib64/libncurses.so -DCURSES_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/include
make
make install
Tags:

文章评论

最 近 更 新
热 点 排 行
Js与CSS工具
代码转换工具

<