mysql的INNODB引擎锁的原理试验

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mysql的INNODB引擎锁的原理试验

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-25 09:47 【

mysql的INNODB引擎锁的原理是怎样的,来做个试验。mysql SELECT VERSION(); 43;----------- 43;| VERSION() | 43;----------- 43;| 5 5 20 | 43;----------- 43;1 row in set

的INNODB引擎锁的原理是怎样的,来做个试验。

mysql> SELECT VERSION();

+-----------+
| VERSION() |
+-----------+
| 5.5.20 |
+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

CREATE TABLE test
(
a INT(5),
b VARCHAR(10),
c VARCHAR(10)
);
INSERT INTO test VALUES(1,'111','111');
INSERT INTO test VALUES(2,'222','222');
INSERT INTO test VALUES(3,'333','333');
INSERT INTO test VALUES(4,'444','444');
INSERT INTO test VALUES(5,'555','555');
INSERT INTO test VALUES(6,'666','666');
COMMIT;

mysql> select * from test;
+------+------+------+
| a | b | c |
+------+------+------+
| 1 | 111 | 111 |
| 2 | 222 | 222 |
| 3 | 333 | 333 |
| 4 | 444 | 444 |
| 5 | 555 | 555 |
| 6 | 666 | 666 |
+------+------+------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

在CMD窗口完成实验,需要设置set autocommit=off;

1.在没有主键的情况下,修改不同的一条记录

session1:
mysql> update test set b='111' where a=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

session2:
mysql> update test set b='222' where a=2;--先是hang住,过段时间后就报错
ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

2.在没有主键的情况下,新增一条数据,然后修改另一条数据
session1:
mysql> insert into test values(7,'777','777');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

session2:
mysql> update test set b='222' where a=2;--先是hang住,过段时间后就报错
ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

3.在有主键的情况下,修改不同的一条记录
ALTER TABLE test ADD PRIMARY KEY(a);
当有主键时没有产生锁全表的情况
session1:
mysql> update test set b='111' where a=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

session2:
mysql> update test set b='222' where a=2;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

当有主键时修改同一条记录,会hang住,说明就是行锁
session1:
mysql> update test set b='111' where a=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0
session2:
mysql> update test set b='111' where a=1;
ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

4.在有主键的情况下,insert和update
session1:
mysql> insert into test values(8,'888','888');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

session2:
mysql> update test set b='111' where a=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

5.在没有索引的情况下,修改不同的一条记录
session1:
mysql> update test set c='111' where b='111';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

session2:
mysql> update test set c='222' where b='222';
ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

6.在有索引的情况下,修改不同的一条记录
CREATE INDEX ind_t_b ON test(b);
session1:
mysql> update test set c='111' where b='111';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

session2:
mysql> update test set c='222' where b='222';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

总结:当用到了索引(同时我也测试了建了索引没有用到的情况,还是行锁),则是行锁,否则锁全表,没有中的行锁方便。
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