mysql双机热备的配置步骤

页面导航:首页 > 数据库 > Mysql > mysql双机热备的配置步骤

mysql双机热备的配置步骤

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-25 09:47 【

设置双机热备:首先要在两台机器上建立同步用户:grant replication slave on * * to repdcs @ 192 168 21 39 identified by 123456 ; grant all privileges on * * to repdc

设置双机热备:

首先要在两台机器上建立同步用户:

grant replication slave on *.* to 'repdcs'@'192.168.21.39' identified by '123456';
grant all privileges on *.* to 'repdcs'@'192.168.21.39 identified by '123456';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
grant replication slave on *.* to 'repdcs'@'192.168.21.106' identified by '123456';
grant all privileges on *.* to 'repdcs'@'192.168.21.106 identified by '123456';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

库1
[mysqld]
datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
user=mysql
port=3306
# Default to using old password format for compatibility with mysql 3.x
# clients (those using the mysqlclient10 compatibility package).
old_passwords=1
lower_case_table_names=1
default-character-set=utf8
default-storage-engine=innodb
max_connect_errors = 100000
innodb_buffer_pool_size= 8G
max_connections = 500
default-character-set=utf8

server-id=2
#log-bin=mysqlbin
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1
sync_binlog=1
init_connect='SET NAMES utf8'
log-bin=mysqlbin
master-host=192.168.21.39
master-user=repdcs
master-pass=123456
master-connect-retry=60
replicate-do-db=dcs
master-port=3306
slave-net-timeout=60
库2
[mysqld]
#datadir=/var/lib/mysql
datadir=/home/data/mysql
#socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
socket=/home/data/mysql/mysql.sock
user=mysql
port=3306
# Default to using old password format for compatibility with mysql 3.x
# clients (those using the mysqlclient10 compatibility package).
old_passwords=1
default-character-set=utf8
init_connect = 'SET NAMES utf8'
# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks;
# to do so, uncomment this line:
# symbolic-links=0
server-id=1
log-bin=mysqlbin
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1
sync_binlog=1
init_connect='SET NAMES utf8'
log-bin=mysqlbin
master-host=192.168.21.106
master-user=repdcs
master-pass=123456
master-connect-retry=60
replicate-do-db=dcs
master-port=3306
slave-net-timeout=60
#replicate-do-db=dcs
back_log = 512
key_buffer_size = 8M
max_allowed_packet = 4M
sort_buffer_size = 6M
read_buffer_size = 4M
join_buffer_size = 4M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 64M
thread_cache_size = 64
query_cache_size = 0M
tmp_table_size = 96M
max_connections = 500
table_cache= 1024
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size= 16M
innodb_log_buffer_size= 64M
read_rnd_buffer_size= 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size= 1G
innodb_log_file_size = 256M
max_heap_table_size = 96M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:200M:autoextend
default-storage-engine=innodb
max_connect_errors = 100000
long_query_time = 1

[mysqld_safe]
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

[client]
default-character-set=utf8

标红的话主要两台机器的不同部分。

重启如果出问题
show slave status \G
Last_Error: Error 'Can't create database 'dcs'; database exists' on query. Default database: 'dcs'. Query: 'cr
查询从库发现需要建立的已经存在,所以可以跳过这个建库的命令.
使用set global sql_slave_skip_counter=1;
start slave sql_thread;
flush privileges

server-id=n //设置数据库id默认主服务器是1可以随便设置但是如果有多台从服务器则不能重复。
master-host=192.168.21.39 //主服务器的IP地址或者域名
master-port=3306 //主数据库的端口号
master-user=repdcs //同步数据库的用户
master-password=123456 //同步数据库的密码
master-connect-retry=60 //如果从服务器发现主服务器断掉,重新连接的时间差

report-host=db-slave.mycompany.com //报告错误的服务器

然后重启两个机器的数据库,基本就没问题了,大致步骤给主从差不多,可以参考我的博客 主从的参数配置与步骤

Tags:

文章评论

最 近 更 新
热 点 排 行
Js与CSS工具
代码转换工具

<