mysql-5.5 for linux安装

1.使用Yum安装依赖软件包

# yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake bison zlib* fiex* \

libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel*

2.安装cmake

# yum install -y cmake

3.解压缩并编译安装MySQL源码包

# tar xzvf mysql-5.5.27.tar.gz

# mv mysql-5.5.27 mysql

# cd mysql

#配置编译(参考:http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/source-configuration-options.html)

# cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \

-DSYSCONFDIR=/usrl/local/mysql/etc \

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data \

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \

-DMYSQL_USER=mysql \

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \

-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all \

-DWITH_READLINE=1 \

-DWITH_SSL=system \

-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

# make

# make install

注意事项:

重新编译时,需要清除旧的对象文件和缓存信息。

# make clean

# rm -f CMakeCache.txt

4.添加mysql用户及用户组并修改目录所有权限

[[email protected] mysql]# groupadd mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# useradd -r -g mysql mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql

5.安装基础并复制示例配置文件

# cd /usr/local/mysql

# chmod +x scripts/*

[[email protected] mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql \

--datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql

# cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

[[email protected] ~]# export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin //全局宣告mysql命令的路径

[[email protected] ~]# echo "PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin" >> /etc/profile //写入开机启动文件

6.注册mysql系统服务并启动mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chmod 755 support-files/mysql.server

[[email protected] mysql]# ls -l support-files/mysql.server

-rwxr-xr-x 1 mysql mysql 10650 6月 22 19:21 support-files/mysql.server

[[email protected] mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chown root.root /etc/init.d/mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chkconfig --add mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chkconfig --level 35 mysql on

[[email protected] mysql]# chkconfig --list mysql

mysql 0:关闭 1:关闭 2:启用 3:启用 4:启用 5:启用 6:关闭

[[email protected] mysql]# service mysql start

Starting MySQL... [确定]

[[email protected] mysql]# netstat -ltu |grep mysql

tcp 0 0 *:mysql *:* LISTEN

[[email protected] mysql]# ps -ef | grep mysql

root 15492 1 0 21:00 pts/0 00:00:00 /bin/sh /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

--datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/ttt.pid

mysql 15744 15492 0 21:00 pts/0 00:00:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --

basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --plugin-

dir=/usr/local/mysql/lib/plugin --user=mysql --log-error=/usr/local/mysql/data/ttt.err

--pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/ttt.pid --socket=/tmp/mysql.sock --port=3306

root 15896 1098 0 21:10 pts/0 00:00:00 grep mysql

7.安装完成,启动my,进入测试

[[email protected] ~]# -u root

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 3

Server version: 5.5.27-log Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2011, and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;

+--------------------+

| Database |

+--------------------+

| information_schema |

| mysql |

| performance_schema |

| test |

+--------------------+

4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> use mysql

Database changed

mysql> show tables;

+---------------------------+

| Tables_in_mysql |

+---------------------------+

| columns_priv |

| db |

| event |

| func |

| general_log |

| help_category |

| help_keyword |

| help_relation |

| help_topic |

| host |

| ndb_binlog_index |

| plugin |

| proc |

| procs_priv |

| proxies_priv |

| servers |

| slow_log |

| tables_priv |

| time_zone |

| time_zone_leap_second |

| time_zone_name |

| time_zone_transition |

| time_zone_transition_type |

| user |

+---------------------------+

24 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

8.修改mysql数据库root用户密码并登录验证

[[email protected] ~]# mysqladmin -u root password 'mysqlpass' --给“root”用户设置一个密码

[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 5

Server version: 5.5.27-log Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;

+--------------------+

| Database |

+--------------------+

| information_schema |

| mysql |

| performance_schema |

| test |

+--------------------+

4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>