MySQL5.6.19二进制的安装方式

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MySQL5.6.19二进制的安装方式

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-27 10:28 【

1 操作系统CentOS release 6 2 (Final) 2 创建用户和组[[email protected] ~] groupadd mysql[[email protected] ~] useradd -r -g mysqlmysql 3

1. 操作系统

CentOS release 6.2 (Final)

2. 创建用户和组

[[email protected] ~]# groupadd mysql

[[email protected] ~]# useradd -r -g mysqlmysql

3. 解压安装包(解压到你想存储数据的地方)

[[email protected] ~]# cd /data

[[email protected] data]# tar -xzvf /root/_soft/mysql-5.6.19-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

[[email protected] data]# ln -s mysql-5.6.19-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 mysql

4. 查看解压情况

[[email protected] data]# ll

总用量 20

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 34 6月 27 15:31 mysql -> mysql-5.6.19-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64

drwxr-xr-x. 13 rootroot 4096 6月 27 15:31 mysql-5.6.19-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 

5. 修改文件夹所属用户和组为mysql:

[[email protected] data]# cd mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R mysql:mysql . 

6. 安装数据库,数据存放目录为/data/mysql/data

[[email protected] mysql]#scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/data/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data

WARNING: The host'mymaster1.localdomain' could not be looked up with /data/mysql/bin/resolveip.

This probably means thatyour libc libraries are not 100 % compatible

with this binary MySQLversion. The MySQL daemon, mysqld, should work

normally with the exceptionthat host name resolving will not work.

This means that youshould use IP addresses instead of hostnames

when specifying MySQLprivileges ! 

当出现上面警告时,解决方法是:在/etc/hosts配置文件中增加IP地址和主机名的映射

[[email protected] Packages]# cat /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

IP地址 mymaster1.localdomain 

正确的提示信息如下:

[[email protected] mysql]#scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/data/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data

Installing MySQL system tables...2014-06-2716:02:45 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated.Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentationfor more details).

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB: TheInnoDB memory heap is disabled

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Using Linux native AIO

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Using CPU crc32 instructions

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Completed initialization of buffer pool

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB: Thefirst specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist: a new database to becreated!

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 12 MB

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Database physically writes the file full: wait...

2014-06-27 16:02:45 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 48 MB

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 48 MB

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Warning] InnoDB:New log files created, LSN=45781

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Doublewrite buffer created

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB: 128rollback segment(s) are active.

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Warning] InnoDB:Creating foreign key constraint system tables.

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Foreign key constraint system tables created

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Creating tablespace and datafile system tables.

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Tablespace and datafile system tables created.

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Waiting for purge to start

2014-06-27 16:02:46 2134 [Note] InnoDB:5.6.19 started; log sequence number 0

2014-06-27 16:02:47 2134 [Note] Binlog end

2014-06-27 16:02:47 2134 [Note] InnoDB: FTSoptimize thread exiting.

2014-06-27 16:02:47 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Starting shutdown...

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2134 [Note] InnoDB:Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625977

OK 

Filling help tables...2014-06-27 16:02:48 0[Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use--explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for moredetails).

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB: TheInnoDB memory heap is disabled

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Using Linux native AIO

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Using CPU crc32 instructions

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Completed initialization of buffer pool

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Highest supported file format is Barracuda.

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB: 128rollback segment(s) are active.

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Waiting for purge to start

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB:5.6.19 started; log sequence number 1625977

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] Binlog end

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB: FTSoptimize thread exiting.

2014-06-27 16:02:48 2157 [Note] InnoDB: Startingshutdown...

2014-06-27 16:02:50 2157 [Note] InnoDB:Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987

OK 

To start mysqld at boot time you have tocopy

support-files/mysql.server to the rightplace for your system 

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THEMySQL root USER !

To do so, start the server, then issue thefollowing commands: 

/data/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'

/data/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h mymaster1.localdomain password'new-password' 

Alternatively you can run: 

/data/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation 

which will also give you the option ofremoving the test

databases and anonymous user created bydefault. This is

strongly recommended for productionservers. 

See the manual for more instructions. 

You can start the MySQL daemon with: 

cd. ; /data/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

You can test the MySQL daemon withmysql-test-run.pl 

cdmysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl 

Please report any problems athttp://bugs.mysql.com/ 

The latest information about MySQL isavailable on the web at 

http://www.mysql.com 

Support MySQL by buying support/licenses athttp://shop.mysql.com 

New default config file was created as/data/mysql/my.cnf and

will be used by default by the server whenyou start it.

You may edit this file to change serversettings 

7. 修改相关目录权限,提高安全性:

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R root .

[[email protected] mysql]# chown -R mysql data 

8. 配置MySQL服务为主机服务,即能用service mysql start启动服务

[[email protected] mysql]# cpsupport-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

[[email protected] mysql]# vi /etc/init.d/mysql

把下面的

basedir=

datadir=

修改为

basedir=/data/mysql

datadir=/data/mysql/data 

9. 启动数据库

[[email protected] mysql]# service mysql start

Starting MySQL[确定] 

10. 修改数据库root密码

[[email protected] mysql]#/data/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'wengjixi'

[[email protected] mysql]#/data/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h mymaster1.localdomain password 'wengjixi' 

11. 修改环境变量,把mysql执行文件路径添加到环境变量中

[[email protected] mysql]# vi /etc/profile

PATH=$PATH:/data/mysql/bin

export PATH

[[email protected] mysql]# source /etc/profile 

12. 测试登录

[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 5

Server version: 5.6.19 MySQL CommunityServer (GPL) 

Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, and/or itsaffiliates. All rights reserved. 

Oracle is a registered trademark of OracleCorporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarksof their respective

owners. 

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' toclear the current input statement. 

mysql> 

mysql> show variables like '%data%';

+-------------------------------+------------------------+

| Variable_name | Value |

+-------------------------------+------------------------+

| character_set_database | latin1 |

| collation_database | latin1_swedish_ci |

| datadir | /data/mysql/data/

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