【MySQL案例】error.log的Warning:Ifacrashhappensthiscon

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【MySQL案例】error.log的Warning:Ifacrashhappensthiscon

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-27 10:28 【

1 1 1 If a crash happens thisconfiguration does not guarantee that the relay log info will be consistent【环境描述】msyql5 6 14【报错信息】mysql的slave启动时,error log中出现W

1.1.1. If a crash happens thisconfiguration does not guarantee that the relay log info will be consistent

【环境描述】

msyql5.6.14

【报错信息】

mysql的slave启动时,error.log中出现Warning警告:

[Warning] Slave SQL: If a crash happensthis configuration does not guarantee that the relay log info will beconsistent, Error_code: 0

这条Warning信息对Mysql和MySQL复制功能没有任何影响。

【报错原因】

MySQL5.6版本开始支持把master.info和relay-log.info的内容写入到mysql库的表中,

master.info--> mysql.slave_master_info

relay-log.info--> mysql. slave_relay_log_info

同时在MySQL5.6版本中,增加了 Slave crash-safe replication功能,为了保证mysql的replication能够crash-safe,slave_master_info和slave_relay_log_info表必须使用事务型的存储引擎(InnoDB),不要尝试去手动修改这两张表的内容。同时,Slave还要开启relay_log_recovery功能。

【解决方法】

设置master_info_repository和relay_log_info_repository的值为TABLE,同时开启relay_log_recovery功能。

修改/etc/my.cnf配置文件,添加以下3项:

master-info-repository=table # 可以使用set global 动态修改

relay-log-info-repository=table # 可以使用setglobal 动态修改

relay-log-recovery=1 # 只读参数,必须修改my.cnf重启mysql

然后重启mysql实例。

【参考资料】

l master.info和relay-log.info日志

在复制的Slave节点上会创建两个日志,分别是master.infor和relay-log.info,位于datadir目录中。在MySQL5.6和后续的版本中,可以通过设置master-info-file和relay-log-info-file参数来指定写入到mysql的表中或者写入文件。

这两个文件中包含一些类似showslave status输出的信息,当slave启动的时候会读取master.info和relay-log.info文件来确定从master读取binary log和读取relay log的信息。

Slave的I/O线程负责更新维护master.info文件,

master.info

mysql.slave_master_info

SHOW SLAVE STATUS Column

Description

1

Number_of_lines

[None]

Number of lines in the file

2

Master_log_name

Master_Log_File

The name of the master binary log currently being read from the master

3

Master_log_pos

Read_Master_Log_Pos

The current position within the master binary log that have been read from the master

4

Host

Master_Host

The host name of the master

5

User

Master_User

The user name used to connect to the master

6

User_password

Password (not shown by SHOW SLAVE STATUS)

The password used to connect to the master

7

Port

Master_Port

The network port used to connect to the master

8

Connect_retry

Connect_Retry

The period (in seconds) that the slave will wait before trying to reconnect to the master

9

Enabled_ssl

Master_SSL_Allowed

Indicates whether the server supports SSL connections

10

Ssl_ca

Master_SSL_CA_File

The file used for the Certificate Authority (CA) certificate

11

Ssl_capath

Master_SSL_CA_Path

The path to the Certificate Authority (CA) certificates

12

Ssl_cert

Master_SSL_Cert

The name of the SSL certificate file

13

Ssl_cipher

Master_SSL_Cipher

The list of possible ciphers used in the handshake for the SSL connection

14

Ssl_key

Master_SSL_Key

The name of the SSL key file

15

Ssl_verify_server_cert

Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert

Whether to verify the server certificate

16

Heartbeat

[None]

Interval between replication heartbeats, in seconds

17

Bind

Master_Bind

Which of the slave's network interfaces should be used for connecting to the master

18

Ignored_server_ids

Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids

The number of server IDs to be ignored, followed by the actual server IDs

19

Uuid

Master_UUID

The master's unique ID

20

Retry_count

Master_Retry_Count

Maximum number of reconnection attempts permitted Added in MySQL 5.6.1)

 

Slave的SQL线程负责维护relay-log.info文件,在MySQL5.6中relay-log.info包含文件中的记录数和复制延迟的秒数。

relaylog.info

slave_relay_log_info

SHOW SLAVE STATUS

Description

1

Number_of_lines

[None]

Number of lines in the file or rows in the table

2

Relay_log_name

Relay_Log_File

The name of the current relay log file

3

Relay_log_pos

Relay_Log_Pos

The current position within the relay log file; events up to this position have been executed on the slave database

4

Master_log_name

Relay_Master_Log_File

The name of the master binary log file from which the events in the relay log file were read

5

Master_log_pos

Exec_Master_Log_Pos

The equivalent position within the master's binary log file of events that have already been executed

6

Sql_delay

SQL_Delay

The number of seconds that the slave must lag the master

 

设置master_info_repository和relay_log_info_repository参数:

SQL> stop slave;

SQL> set global master_info_repository=table;

SQL> set global relay_log_info_repository=table;

SQL> show variables like '%repository';

+--------------------------------------+---------+

| Variable_name | Value |

+--------------------------------------+---------+

| master_info_repository | TABLE |

| relay_log_info_repository | TABLE |

+--------------------------------------+----------+

查看向Master读取日志的情况:

SQL> select * from slave_master_info;

查看Slave的Relay日志应用情况:

SQL> select * from slave_relay_log_info;

注意:
master.info和relay-log.info内的数据会有一定的延迟,取决于mysql把slave信息刷到硬盘的时间,如果要获得slave的实时信息,可以查询slave_master_info和slave_relay_log_info表,或者执行show slave status查看。

l master-info-repository

master-info-repository={ FILE | TABLE },默认值是FILE,这个参数用于设置Slave节点上把master的信息写入到物理文件中还是写入到mysql. slave_master_info表中。

如果设置为FILE,也是mysql的默认设置,Slave会在datadir/master.info文件中记录master的信息,从MySQL5.6版本开始,建议使用TABLE模式。

l relay-log-info-reposity

relay-log-info-reposity=file|table,默认值是FILE,这个参数用于设置slave节点上把relay-log.info的信息写入到datadir/relay-log.info文件或者mysql. slave_relay_log_info表。

如果设置为FILE,也是mysql的默认设置,Slave会在datadir/master.info文件中记录master的信息,从MySQL5.6版本开始,建议使用TABLE模式。

l relay-log-recovery

relay-log-recover=0|1,默认值是0不开启,该参数用于设置是否开启relay log的自动恢复功能。当开启relay_log_recovery功能,slave在启动的时候,会忽略未被执行的relay log,它会重新连接master获取relay log来进行恢复。

当slave发生宕机的时候,建议开启该功能,可以有效避免slave执行了relay log里面的讹误记录。

如果开启relay_log_recovery功能,必须同时把relay_log_info_reposity设置为TABLE模式。

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