Linux上安装MySQL5.6

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Linux上安装MySQL5.6

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-27 10:28 【

OS MySQL的版本和配置:MySQL Version: 5 6 19Linux Version: Linux boston oracle com 2 6 18-164 el5 1 SMP Thu Sep 3 02:16:47 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU Linux 一,下载MySQ

OS & MySQL的版本和配置:

MySQL Version: 5.6.19
Linux Version: Linux boston.oracle.com 2.6.18-164.el5 #1 SMP Thu Sep 3 02:16:47 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux

一,MySQL安装软件,请到www.oracle.com 去找DATABASE DOWNLOAD,下载MySQL需要注册一个账号。我下载的版本如下:

\

下载后解压就是以下的8个文件 :

\

二, 在Linux上安装MySQL(一个服务器程序和一个客户端程序)

[[email protected] mysql_installer]# ll
total 115896
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 22925106 May 8 2014 MySQL-client-advanced-5.6.19-1.rhel5.i386.rpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 95621549 May 8 2014 MySQL-server-advanced-5.6.19-1.rhel5.i386.rpm

 

--安装Server端:

[[email protected] mysql_installer]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-advanced-5.6.19-1.rhel5.i386.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:MySQL-server-advanced ########################################### [100%]
2012-11-18 00:34:49 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Using mutexes to ref count buffer pool pages
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist: a new database to be created!
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 12 MB
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
2012-11-18 00:34:49 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 48 MB
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 48 MB
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45781
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Creating tablespace and datafile system tables.
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Tablespace and datafile system tables created.
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.19 started; log sequence number 0
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] RSA private key file not found: /var/lib/mysql//private_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.
2012-11-18 00:34:50 16251 [Note] RSA public key file not found: /var/lib/mysql//public_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.
A random root password has been set. You will find it in '/root/.mysql_secret'.
2012-11-18 00:34:51 16251 [Note] Binlog end
2012-11-18 00:34:51 16251 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2012-11-18 00:34:51 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16251 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625977


2012-11-18 00:34:53 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Using mutexes to ref count buffer pool pages
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use InnoDB's own implementation
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.19 started; log sequence number 1625977
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] RSA private key file not found: /var/lib/mysql//private_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] RSA public key file not found: /var/lib/mysql//public_key.pem. Some authentication plugins will not work.
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] Binlog end
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2012-11-18 00:34:53 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2012-11-18 00:34:55 16282 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987

A RANDOM PASSWORD HAS BEEN SET FOR THE MySQL root USER !
You will find that password in '/root/.mysql_secret'.

You must change that password on your first connect,
no other statement but 'SET PASSWORD' will be accepted.
See the manual for the semantics of the 'password expired' flag.

Also, the account for the anonymous user has been removed.

In addition, you can run:

/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test database.
This is strongly recommended for production servers.

/* 上面的红色的大概意思如下:

为MySQL的的root的用户生成了一个随机的秘密,请到/root/._secret里去找密码。

当你第一次登陆时必须修改密码,同时匿名帐号已经被删除掉了。

除此之外,你可以执行:

/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

他可以给你一些移除test 数据库的选项。

强烈推荐在生产服务器上做此操作。

*/

See the manual for more instructions.

Please report any problems at http://bugs.mysql.com/

The latest information about MySQL is available on the web at

http://www.mysql.com

Support MySQL by buying support/licenses at http://shop.mysql.com

New default config file was created as /usr/my.cnf and
will be used by default by the server when you start it.
You may edit this file to change server settings

--安装Client端:

[[email protected] mysql_installer]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-advanced-5.6.19-1.rhel5.i386.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
1:MySQL-client-advanced ########################################### [100%]

三,MySQL 数据库的配置

1,启动MySQL服务

[[email protected] mysql_installer]# cd /etc/rc.d/init.d
[[email protected] init.d]# service mysql start
Starting MySQL.......... [ OK ]

2,修改MySQL数据库root用户的初始密码,先查下初始密码

[[email protected] mysql_installer]# vi /root/.mysql_secret
# The random password set for the root user at Sun Nov 18 00:34:51 2012 (local time): kX65UtYvovXN9VOV
从上面可以初始密码是:kX65UtYvovXN9VOV

[[email protected] init.d]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 15
Server version: 5.6.19-enterprise-commercial-advanced MySQL Enterprise Server - Advanced Edition (Commercial)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>

/*修改密码为123456*/

mysql> update user set password=PASSWORD('123456') where user='root';
Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 3 Changed: 3 Warnings: 0

/*刷新权限表*/

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

3,用新密码123456登陆MySQL

[[email protected] init.d]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 16
Server version: 5.6.19-enterprise-commercial-advanced MySQL Enterprise Server - Advanced Edition (Commercial)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> use mysql ;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> select Host,User,Password from user;
+-----------+------+-------------------------------------------+
| Host | User | Password |
+-----------+------+-------------------------------------------+
| localhost | root | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |
| 127.0.0.1 | root | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |
| ::1 | root | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |
+-----------+------+-------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

4, 创建新的表test,并插入测试数据

mysql> create table test(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> insert into test(id) values(1);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> insert into test(id) values(2);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> commit;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from test;
+------+
| id |
+------+
| 1 |
| 2 |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.02 sec)

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