Mysql数据库的mysqlSchema到底有哪些东西&手工

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Mysql数据库的mysqlSchema到底有哪些东西&手工

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-28 09:19 【

查看数据库版本mysql select @@version; 43;------------ 43;| @@version | 43;------------ 43;| 5 5 16-log | 43;------------ 43;1 row in set (0 00 sec)mysql select *
#查看版本
> select @@version;
+------------+
| @@version |
+------------+
| 5.5.16-log |
+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from information_schema.schemata; # 保存了的所有的数据库名 ,关键的字段是schema_name
# 2 rows in set (0.04 sec)表示只有2个数据库
+--------------+--------------------+----------------------------+------------------------+----------+
| catalog_name | schema_name | default_character_set_name | default_collation_name | sql_path |
+--------------+--------------------+----------------------------+------------------------+----------+
| def | information_schema | utf8 | utf8_general_ci | null |
| def | test | gb2312 | gb2312_chinese_ci | null |
+--------------+--------------------+----------------------------+------------------------+----------+

mysql> select * from information_schema.columns; #

# 关键的字段是table_name & column_name 411 rows in set (0.05 sec)

+---------------+--------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------------------------+------------------

| table_catalog | table_schema | table_name | column_name | ordinal_position | column_default | is_nullable | data_type |

character_maximum_length | character_octet_length | numeric_precision | numeric_scale | character_set_name | collation_name | column_type | column_key | extra

| privileges | column_comment |

+---------------+--------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------------------------+------------------

mysql> select * from information_schema.tables; # 包含所有的表名 ,38 rows in set (0.09 sec) 表示有38张表

mysql> select count(*) from information_schema.tables; # count(*)返回一共有多少行(就是多少条记录)

+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
| 38 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

#关键的字段是table_column & table_name

+---------------+--------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------+--------+---------+------------+--

| table_catalog | table_schema | table_name | table_type | engine | version | row_format | table_rows | avg_row_length | data_length |

max_data_length | index_length | data_free | auto_increment | create_time | update_time | check_time | table_collation | checksum | create_options |

table_comment |
+---------------+--------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------+--------+---------+------------+--

mysql> select * from information_schema.tables where table_schema="test";

# 关键字是table_name和table_schema (数据库名)
+---------------+--------------+------------+------------+--------+---------+------------+------------+----------------+-----

| table_catalog | table_schema | table_name | table_type | engine | version | row_format | table_rows | avg_row_length | data_length | max_data_length | index_length |

data_free | auto_increment | create_time | update_time | check_time | table_collation | checksum | create_options | table_comment |
+---------------+--------------+------------+------------+--------+---------+------------+------------+----------------+-----

| def | test | t_users | base table | innodb | 10 | compact | 0 | 0 | 16384 | 0 | 16384 | 9437184 | 1 | 2012-10

-06 12:21:23 | null | null | gb2312_chinese_ci | null | | |
+---------------+--------------+------------+------------+--------+---------+------------+------------+----------------+-----

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from information_schema.columns where table_name="t_users";

# 关键是得到 column_name

+---------------+--------------+------------+-------------+------------------+----------------+-------------+-----------+----

| table_catalog | table_schema | table_name | column_name | ordinal_position | column_default | is_nullable | data_type | character_maximum_length |

character_octet_length | numeric_precision | numeric_scale | character_set_name | collation_name | column_type | column_key | extra | privileges |

column_comment |
+---------------+--------------+------------+-------------+------------------+----------------+-------------+-----------+----

| def | test | t_users | id | 1 | null | no | int | null | null | 10 | 0 | null |

null | int(11) | pri | auto_increment | select,insert,update,references | |
| def | test | t_users | name | 2 | null | no | text | 65535 | 65535 | null | null | gb2312

| gb2312_chinese_ci | text | | | select,insert,update,references | |
| def | test | t_users | password | 3 | null | no | text | 65535 | 65535 | null | null | gb2312

| gb2312_chinese_ci | text | | | select,insert,update,references | |
+---------------+--------------+------------+-------------+------------------+----------------+-------------+-----------+----

3 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select "id","password" from information_schema.columns where table_name="t_users";

# 注意当要查询的变量是常数的时候就是空查询,返回的一定就是你的查询常量,一般是在union的查询里确定
显示位置而用的

+----+----------+
| id | password |
+----+----------+
| id | password |
| id | password |
| id | password |
+----+----------+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)

mysql> use test; #使用该数据库

database changed
mysql> select * from test;
error 1146 (42s02): table 'test.test' doesn't exist
mysql> select * from t_users;
empty set (0.00 sec)

这样就不需要再猜用户名和密码啦

insert into `t_users`(`id`, `name`, `password`) values (001,'张三疯','123456');
#插入一条记录之后

mysql> select * from t_users;
+----+--------+----------+
| id | name | password |
+----+--------+----------+
| 1 | 张三疯 | 123456 |
+----+--------+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

#如果没有权限添加,就只有逐位猜值啦

mysql> select count(*) from t_users where len(password)=12;
error 1305 (42000): function test.len does not exist
mysql>

# 二分查找法

#这里报错啦,该函数不存在,在mysql是length()在access里是len();
mysql> select count(*) from t_users where length(password)=12;
error 1305 (42000): function test.len does not exist

#首先确定了密码的长度

mysql> select password from t_users where length(password)<6;
empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select password from t_users where length(password)>6;
empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select password from t_users where length(password)=6;
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

#再进行逐位猜值

select * from t_users where asc(left(password,1))>0;

mysql> select password from t_users where left(password,1)<1;
empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select password from t_users where left(password,1)<2;
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+
#函数执行并成功返回,说明第一位的值就是1

#或者直接查询密码:

mysql> select password from t_users where length('password')>0;
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select password from t_users where ascii(left(password,1))<2;
empty set (0.00 sec)

#在mysql里面什么函数都要写全啦,在acess里直接就是asc();

mysql> select password from t_users where ascii(left(password,1))=49;
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |

#可以直接擦每一位的值,也可以查acs值,但是直接查值是快些
#这样直到猜完length(password)位为止

#但是中文的名字不好猜啊,1个字,2个字节

>>> int("张")
traceback (most recent call last):
file "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
valueerror: invalid literal for int() with base 10: '\xd6\xec'
>>>
>>> chr(66)
'b'
>>>

#其实还是可以查的

mysql> select password from t_users where left(name,1)="张";
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select password from t_users where left(name,2)="张";
empty set (0.00 sec)

#记住left是返回的所有的左边的值哈
mysql> select password from t_users where left(name,2)="张三";
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+

#mid(匹配的字段,从第几个开始,取几个);可以完成逐位比较
mysql> select password from t_users where mid(name,2,1)="三";
+----------+
| password |
+----------+
| 123456 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
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