[MySQL] Linux下MySQL-5.6源码安装

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[MySQL] Linux下MySQL-5.6源码安装

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-04 09:03 【

[MySQL] Linux下MySQL-5 6源码安装本文主要介绍centos下源码安装MySQL 5 6的方法,centos的版本为5 8 1)首先,你需要到MySQL官网下载源码tar包,点击MySQL Community Server,选择Source Code,源码包不大
[MySQL] Linux下MySQL-5.6源码安装
 
本文主要介绍centos下源码安装MySQL 5.6的方法,centos的版本为5.8.
1)首先,你需要到MySQL官网tar包,点击MySQL Community Server,选择Source Code,源码包不大,只有34M左右。
注:以下操作没有特殊说明,都是以root账户执行。
2)先安装cmake(mysql5.5以后源码安装都得通过cmake编译)
[plain] 
# yum install cmake  
并确保以下两个包已安装最新版:
  ncurses
  ncurses-devel
3)添加MySQL用户组和用户
[plain] 
# groupadd mysql  
# useradd mysql  
4)创建MySQL软件安装目录和数据存放目录
[plain] 
mkdir -p /opt/mysql   #MySQL安装目录  
chown -R mysql:mysql /opt/mysql  
mkdir -p /data/mysql  #MySQL数据存放目录  
mkdir -p /data/mysql/data #存放数据  
mkdir -p /data/mysql/log  #存放日志  
mkdir -p /data/mysql/tmp  #存放临时文件  
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql  
5)cmake编译安装MySQL
[plain] 
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.13.tar.gz  
cd mysql-5.6.13  
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/opt/mysql -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci  -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1  
make  
make install  
参数说明:
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/mysql        //指定安装目录
-DINSTALL_DATADIR=/data/mysql            //指定数据存放目录
-DSYSCONFDIR=/opt/mysql                  //指定配置文件目录(本例的配置文件为/opt/mysql/my.cnf)
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8                   //指定字符集
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci      //指定校验字符
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all                     //安装所有扩展字符集
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1                 //允许从本地导入数据
上述步骤执行成功后,MySQL软件已成功安装至/opt/mysql目录下。
7)编辑配置文件my.cnf
[plain] 
[client]  
socket = /opt/mysql/run/mysql.sock  
  
[innotop]  
socket = /opt/mysql/run/mysql.sock  
  
[mysql]  
prompt = \\u@\\d \\r:\\m:\\s>  
no-auto-rehash  
  
[mysqld_safe]  
pid-file = /opt/mysql/run/mysqld.pid  
  
[mysqld]  
  
#### Baes dir ####  
basedir = /opt/mysql  
datadir = /data/mysql/data  
tmpdir = /data/mysql/tmp  
socket = /opt/mysql/run/mysql.sock  
  
#### Base configure info ####  
port = 3306  
skip-name-resolve  
old_passwords = 0  
lower_case_table_names = 1  
open_files_limit = 65535  
read_rnd_buffer_size = 5M  
max_allowed_packet = 24M  
max_connect_errors = 50000  
max_connections = 1000  
max_user_connections = 950   
thread_cache_size=64  
table_open_cache=1024  
thread_stack=262144  
wait_timeout=864000  
  
#### Log info ####  
log-error = /data/mysql/log/alert.log  
slow_query_log=1  
slow_query_log_file= /data/mysql/log/slow.log  
log-slow-admin-statements  
long_query_time = 0.1  
slow_launch_time=1  
  
#### Binary log && Relay log ####  
binlog_format='MIXED'  
log-bin = /data/mysql/log/mysql-bin  
log-slave-updates = 1  
relay-log = /data/mysql/log/mysqld-relay-bin  
relay-log-index = /data/mysql/log/mysqld-relay-bin.index  
master-info-file = /data/mysql/log/master.info  
relay-log-info-file = /data/mysql/log/relay-log.info  
max_binlog_size = 500M  
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G  
  
  
#### query cache ####  
query_cache_size = 100M  
query_cache_limit = 1K  
query_cache_min_res_unit = 1K  
query_cache_type=2  
  
#myisam  
concurrent_insert = 2  
key_buffer_size = 100M  
sort_buffer_size = 100K  
join_buffer_size = 100K  
read_buffer_size = 1M  
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 100M  
  
#innodb plugin  
  
#innodb  
default-storage-engine = INNODB  
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT  
innodb_file_per_table = 1  
innodb_open_files=60000  
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2  
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 100  
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 20M  
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16G  
innodb_log_buffer_size= 400M  
innodb_log_file_size = 100M  
innodb_log_files_in_group = 4  
innodb_file_io_threads = 4  
innodb_thread_concurrency = 16  
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 50  
transaction-isolation = READ-COMMITTED  
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10G;ibdata2:5G:autoextend  
  
innodb_buffer_pool_instances=4  
innodb_thread_concurrency=32  
   
### Server id ####  
 log_bin_trust_function_creators=1  
 read_only=0  
 server_id=5  
8)创建
[plain] 
cd /opt/  
 ./scripts/mysql_install_db   --user=mysql   
上述建库语句将根据my.cnf里设置的数据文件目录和日志文件目录,生成相应的数据文件和日志文件,并创建数据库(如mysql,test,information_schema,performance_schema)
9)设置root密码,创建只读账号
[plain] 
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/mysql/bin   
mysqladmin -u root password '***'  
mysql -uroot -p  
root@(none) 06:08:34>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '***' WITH GRANT OPTION;  
root@(none) 06:08:44>GRANT SELECT ON *.* TO 'rnd'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '***';  
10)最后,把MySQL加入系统启动项和开机启动
[plain] 
cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把Mysql加入系统启动  
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限  
chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动  
这样,执行service mysqld start即可启动MySQL了:)。
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