MySQL root密码重置报错:admin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed的解决方案
 
1  登陆失败,mysqladmin修改密码失败
[[email protected] var]# mysqladmin -u root password '123456'
mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed
error: 'Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)'
 
2 停止mysql服务
[[email protected] var]# /etc/init.d/mysqld stop
Shutting down MySQL.... SUCCESS!
 
3 安全模式启动
[[email protected] var]# mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
/opt/mysql/product/5.5.25a/bin/mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
[1] 10912
[[email protected] var]# 110407 17:39:28 mysqld_safe Logging to '/usr/local/mysql/var//mysql.chinascopefinanical.com.err'.
110407 17:39:29 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/var/
 
4 无密码root帐号登陆
[[email protected] var]# /usr/bin/mysql -uroot -p 【注释,在下面的要求你输入密码的时候,你不用管,直接回车键一敲就过去了】
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 48
Server version: 5.1.41-log Source distribution
 
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
mysql> use mysql;
Database changed
 
5 手动update修改密码
mysql> update user set password=password("guxxxxxahyVh") where user='root' and host='localhost';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0
 
 
mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 
 
mysql> quit
Bye
[[email protected] var]# mysql -uroot -pguNNhtqhjUnfky6ahyVh
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 172
Server version: 5.1.41-log Source distribution
 
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
mysql> quit
Bye
 
 
6 正常重新启动
[[email protected] var]# service mysqld restart
Shutting down MySQL..110407 17:45:29 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /usr/local/mysql/var//mysql.chinascopefinanical.com.pid ended
SUCCESS!
Starting MySQL.. SUCCESS!
[1]+  Done                    mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables
[[email protected] var]#
 
7 其他形式的错误情况分析
7.1 找不到sock 报错 :
[[email protected] mysqld]#  /usr/bin/mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: 
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (111)
[[email protected] mysqld]# 
 
登陆的时候加上sock参数就OK了。
[[email protected] mysqld]#  /usr/bin/mysql -uroot -p --socket=/opt/mysqldata/mysql.sock
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 6
Server version: 5.1.69 Source distribution
 
 
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
 
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
 
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
mysql> 
mysql> 
 
7.2 抱错 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Error writing file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 28)
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 1.0G
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Started; log sequence number 0 2727887496
130830 10:59:02 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Error writing file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 28)
130830 10:59:02 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: No space left on device
130830 10:59:02 mysqld_safe Number of processes running now: 0
130830 10:59:02 mysqld_safe mysqld restarted
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 1.0G
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
130830 10:59:02  InnoDB: Started; log sequence number 0 2727887496
130830 10:59:02 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Error writing file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 28)
130830 10:59:02 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: No space left on device
130830 10:59:03 mysqld_safe Number of processes running now: 0
130830 10:59:03 mysqld_safe mysqld restarted
130830 10:59:03  InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 1.0G
 
[分析]:不能写入默认的pid文件,就 修改 /etc/init.d/mysqld,把pid指向别的路经
 
[[email protected] mysqld]# vi /etc/init.d/mysqld
.....
get_mysql_option mysqld datadir "/var/lib/mysql"
datadir="$result"
get_mysql_option mysqld socket "$datadir/mysql.sock"
socketfile="$result"
get_mysql_option mysqld_safe log-error "/var/log/mysqld.log"
errlogfile="$result"
get_mysql_option mysqld_safe pid-file "/opt/mysqldata/mysqld.pid"    # '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' 原始值,这里修改成别的路径/opt/mysqldata/mysqld.pid
mypidfile="$result"
.....
然后启动mysqld服务,OK,成功了。