MySQL学习足迹记录02--SELECT

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MySQL学习足迹记录02--SELECT

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-18 10:28 【

MySQL学习足迹记录02--SELECT本查询所用到的表格结构和数据mysql SHOW COLUMNS FROM products; +------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+| Field | Type ...
MySQL学习足迹记录02--SELECT
 
本查询所用到的表格结构和数据
 
mysql> SHOW COLUMNS FROM products;

  +------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type         | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| prod_id    | char(10)     | NO   | PRI | NULL    |       |
| vend_id    | int(11)      | NO   | MUL | NULL    |       |
| prod_name  | char(255)    | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| prod_price | decimal(8,2) | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| prod_desc  | text         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> select * from products;
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| prod_id | vend_id | prod_name      | prod_price | prod_desc                                                      |
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| ANV01   |    1001 | .5 ton anvil   |       5.99 | .5 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook                  |
| ANV02   |    1001 | 1 ton anvil    |       9.99 | 1 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook and carrying case |
| ANV03   |    1001 | 2 ton anvil    |      14.99 | 2 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook and carrying case |
| DTNTR   |    1003 | Detonator      |      13.00 | Detonator (plunger powered), fuses not included                |
| FB      |    1003 | Bird seed      |      10.00 | Large bag (suitable for road runners)                          |
| FC      |    1003 | Carrots        |       2.50 | Carrots (rabbit hunting season only)                           |
| FU1     |    1002 | Fuses          |       3.42 | 1 dozen, extra long                                            |
| JP1000  |    1005 | JetPack 1000   |      35.00 | JetPack 1000, intended for single use                          |
| JP2000  |    1005 | JetPack 2000   |      55.00 | JetPack 2000, multi-use                                        |
| OL1     |    1002 | Oil can        |       8.99 | Oil can, red                                                   |
| SAFE    |    1003 | Safe           |      50.00 | Safe with combination lock                                     |
| SLING   |    1003 | Sling          |       4.49 | Sling, one size fits all                                       |
| TNT1    |    1003 | TNT (1 stick)  |       2.50 | TNT, red, single stick                                         |
| TNT2    |    1003 | TNT (5 sticks) |      10.00 | TNT, red, pack of 10 sticks                                    |
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+

 

 
1.检索单个列:
 eg:
   mysql> SELECT prod_NAME FROM products;     #MYSQL并不区分大小写
+----------------+
| prod_NAME      |
+----------------+
| .5 ton anvil   |
| 1 ton anvil    |
| 2 ton anvil    |
| Detonator      |
| Bird seed      |
| Carrots        |
| Fuses          |
| JetPack 1000   |
| JetPack 2000   |
| Oil can        |
| Safe           |
| Sling          |
| TNT (1 stick)  |
| TNT (5 sticks) |
+----------------+

 

 
2.检索多个列
  eg: 
    mysql> SELECT prod_id,prod_name,prod_price FROM products;
+---------+----------------+------------+
| prod_id | prod_name      | prod_price |
+---------+----------------+------------+
| ANV01   | .5 ton anvil   |       5.99 |
| ANV02   | 1 ton anvil    |       9.99 |
| ANV03   | 2 ton anvil    |      14.99 |
| DTNTR   | Detonator      |      13.00 |
| FB      | Bird seed      |      10.00 |
| FC      | Carrots        |       2.50 |
| FU1     | Fuses          |       3.42 |
| JP1000  | JetPack 1000   |      35.00 |
| JP2000  | JetPack 2000   |      55.00 |
| OL1     | Oil can        |       8.99 |
| SAFE    | Safe           |      50.00 |
| SLING   | Sling          |       4.49 |
| TNT1    | TNT (1 stick)  |       2.50 |
| TNT2    | TNT (5 sticks) |      10.00 |
+---------+----------------+------------+

 

 
3.检索所有列
  eg:
   mysql> SELECT * FROM products;
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| prod_id | vend_id | prod_name      | prod_price | prod_desc                                                      |
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+
| ANV01   |    1001 | .5 ton anvil   |       5.99 | .5 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook                  |
| ANV02   |    1001 | 1 ton anvil    |       9.99 | 1 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook and carrying case |
| ANV03   |    1001 | 2 ton anvil    |      14.99 | 2 ton anvil, black, complete with handy hook and carrying case |
| DTNTR   |    1003 | Detonator      |      13.00 | Detonator (plunger powered), fuses not included                |
| FB      |    1003 | Bird seed      |      10.00 | Large bag (suitable for road runners)                          |
| FC      |    1003 | Carrots        |       2.50 | Carrots (rabbit hunting season only)                           |
| FU1     |    1002 | Fuses          |       3.42 | 1 dozen, extra long                                            |
| JP1000  |    1005 | JetPack 1000   |      35.00 | JetPack 1000, intended for single use                          |
| JP2000  |    1005 | JetPack 2000   |      55.00 | JetPack 2000, multi-use                                        |
| OL1     |    1002 | Oil can        |       8.99 | Oil can, red                                                   |
| SAFE    |    1003 | Safe           |      50.00 | Safe with combination lock                                     |
| SLING   |    1003 | Sling          |       4.49 | Sling, one size fits all                                       |
| TNT1    |    1003 | TNT (1 stick)  |       2.50 | TNT, red, single stick                                         |
| TNT2    |    1003 | TNT (5 sticks) |      10.00 | TNT, red, pack of 10 sticks                                    |
+---------+---------+----------------+------------+----------------------------------------------------------------+

 

 
4.检索不同的行
  先列出所有的行以便作对比
 eg: 
   mysql> SELECT vend_id FROM products;
+---------+
| vend_id |
+---------+
|    1001 |
|    1001 |
|    1001 |
|    1002 |
|    1002 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1003 |
|    1005 |
|    1005 |
+---------+

 *DISTINGCT关键字便可以把相同的行去掉

 mysql> SELECT DISTINCT vend_id FROM products;
+---------+
| vend_id |
+---------+
|    1001 |
|    1002 |
|    1003 |
|    1005 |
+---------+

 

 
5.限制结果
  *限制返回前几行
  eg:
   mysql> SELECT prod_name FROM products LIMIT 5;
+--------------+
| prod_name    |
+--------------+
| .5 ton anvil |
| 1 ton anvil  |
| 2 ton anvil  |
| Detonator    |
| Bird seed    |
+--------------+




 *限制返回从从第N行开始(下标从0开始),一直持续M行结束
  eg:
    mysql> SELECT prod_name FROM products LIMIT 5,5;
+--------------+
| prod_name    |
+--------------+
| Carrots      |
| Fuses        |
| JetPack 1000 |
| JetPack 2000 |
| Oil can      |
+--------------+

 

 
6.使用完全限定的表名
  eg:
   mysql> SELECT products.prod_name FROM MySQL_ex.products;  #products为表名,MySQL_ex为名
                                                                
+----------------+
| prod_name      |
+----------------+
| .5 ton anvil   |
| 1 ton anvil    |
| 2 ton anvil    |
| Detonator      |
| Bird seed      |
| Carrots        |
| Fuses          |
| JetPack 1000   |
| JetPack 2000   |
| Oil can        |
| Safe           |
| Sling          |
| TNT (1 stick)  |
| TNT (5 sticks) |
+----------------+

 


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