这篇文章主要介绍了CentOS在不重启的情况下为其虚拟机添加新硬盘的教程,在VPS主机管理时这种方法尤其实用,需要的朋友可以参考下

通常在你在虚拟机中添加一块新硬盘时,你可能会看到新硬盘没有自动加载。这是因为连接到硬盘的SCSI总线需要重新扫描来使得新硬盘可见。这里有一个简单的命令来重新扫描SCSI总线和SCSI设备。下面这几步在CentOS 7 和RHEL 7 中测试过。

    在ESXi或者vCenter中添加一块新的20G硬盘:
       201565175801774.png (600×533)

显示当前磁盘分区:

   

复制代码
代码如下:
[[email protected] ~]# fdisk -l</p> <p> Disk /dev/sda: 32.2 GB, 32212254720 bytes, 62914560 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0006b96a
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 62914559 30944256 8e Linux LVM
Disk /dev/mapper/centos-swap: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes, 4194304 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk /dev/mapper/centos-root: 29.5 GB, 29536288768 bytes, 57688064 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

确定主机总线号

   

复制代码
代码如下:
[[email protected] ~]# ls /sys/class/scsi_host/
host0 host1 host2

重新扫描SCSI总线来添加设备

   

复制代码
代码如下:
[[email protected] ~]# echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host0/scan
[[email protected] ~]# echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host1/scan
[[email protected] ~]# echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host2/scan

验证磁盘和分区并确保20GB硬盘已经添加了。在本例中,出现了下面这行 “Disk /dev/sdb: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes, 41943040 sectors” 并且可以确认没有重启服务器就添加了新盘:

   

复制代码
代码如下:
[[email protected] ~]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 32.2 GB, 32212254720 bytes, 62914560 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0006b96a
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 62914559 30944256 8e Linux LVM
Disk /dev/mapper/centos-swap: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes, 4194304 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk /dev/mapper/centos-root: 29.5 GB, 29536288768 bytes, 57688064 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk /dev/sdb: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes, 41943040 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes