CentOS系统安装使用版本控制系统Subversion的方法

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CentOS系统安装使用版本控制系统Subversion的方法

来源: 作者: 时间:2015-12-02 11:42 【

subversion是一个版本控制系统,在CentOS系统中要如何使用subversion,下面为大家介绍下CentOS安装使用subversion的方法,感兴趣的朋友可以看看
subversion是一个版本控制系统,在CentOS系统中要如何使用subversion,下面为大家介绍下CentOS安装使用subversion的方法,感兴趣的朋友可以看看

  subversion是一个版本控制系统,能够将文件放在中心版本库中,那么在CentOS系统中要如何使用subversion呢?下面小编就给大家介绍下CentOS安装使用subversion的方法。

  1.安装Subversion

  yum install subversion

  2.创建版本库

  a.mkdir -p /var/svn/repositories(创建版本库目录)

  b.cd /var/svn/repositories

  c.svnadmin create rock-eng(创建版本库rock-eng)

  3.启动svn

  svnserve -d -r /var/svn/repositories

  4.配置访问权限

  a.cd /var/svn/repositories/rock-eng/conf/

  b.vim svnserve.conf

  ### This file controls the configuration of the svnserve daemon, if you

  ### use it to allow access to this repository. (If you only allow

  ### access through http: and/or file: URLs, then this file is

  ### irrelevant.)

  ### Visit http://subversion.tigris.org/ for more information.

  [general]

  ### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated

  ### and authenticated users. Valid values are “write”, “read”,

  ### and “none”。 The sample settings below are the defaults.

  anon-access = none

  auth-access = write

  ### The password-db option controls the location of the password

  ### database file. Unless you specify a path starting with a /,

  ### the file‘s location is relative to the directory containing

  ### this configuration file.

  ### If SASL is enabled (see below), this file will NOT be used.

  ### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.

  password-db = passwd

  ### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization

  ### rules for path-based access control. Unless you specify a path

  ### starting with a /, the file’s location is relative to the the

  ### directory containing this file. If you don‘t specify an

  ### authz-db, no path-based access control is done.

  ### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.

  authz-db = authz

  ### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.

  ### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should

  ### have the same password database, and vice versa. The default realm

  ### is repository’s uuid.

  # realm = My First Repository

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  [sasl]

  ### This option specifies whether you want to use the Cyrus SASL

  ### library for authentication. Default is false.

  ### This section will be ignored if svnserve is not built with Cyrus

  ### SASL support; to check, run ‘svnserve --version’ and look for a line

  ### reading ‘Cyrus SASL authentication is available.’

  # use-sasl = true

  ### These options specify the desired strength of the security layer

  ### that you want SASL to provide. 0 means no encryption, 1 means

  ### integrity-checking only, values larger than 1 are correlated

  ### to the effective key length for encryption (e.g. 128 means 128-bit

  ### encryption)。 The values below are the defaults.

  # min-encryption = 0

  # max-encryption = 256

  vim passwd

  ### This file is an example password file for svnserve.

  ### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the

  ### example below it contains one section labelled [users]。

  ### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

  [users]

  # harry = harryssecret

  # sally = sallyssecret

  rockeng = 123456

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  vim authz

  ### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.

  ### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization

  ### files.

  ### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and

  ### (optional) repository specified by the section name.

  ### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to:

  ### - a single user,

  ### - a group of users defined in a special [groups] section,

  ### - an alias defined in a special [aliases] section,

  ### - all authenticated users, using the ‘$authenticated’ token,

  ### - only anonymous users, using the ‘$anonymous’ token,

  ### - anyone, using the ‘*’ wildcard.

  ###

  ### A match can be inverted by prefixing the rule with ‘~’。 Rules can

  ### grant read (‘r’) access, read-write (‘rw’) access, or no access

  ### (‘’)。

  [aliases]

  # joe = /C=XZ/ST=Dessert/L=Snake City/O=Snake Oil, Ltd./OU=Research Institute/CN=Joe Averag

  e

  [groups]

  # harry_and_sally = harry,sally

  # harry_sally_and_joe = harry,sally,&joe

  [/]

  # harry = rw

  # &joe = r

  # * =

  rockeng = rw

  # [repository:/baz/fuz]

  # @harry_and_sally = rw

  # * = r

  5.重启svn

  killall svnserve

  svnserve -d -r /var/svn/repositories

  6.检出:svn co svn://127.0.0.1/rock-eng

  7.添加文件:svn add 目录

  8.提交修改:svn commit

  9.删除文件但保存本地副本:svn delete --keep-local 目录

  10.忽略当前目录下的data和attachment目录

  a.svn propedit svn:ignore 。

  b.在编辑器中输入目录名,用回车分隔

  c.svn commit

  11.查看当前目录的状态:svn status

  问题1:

  svn: 无法使用外部编辑器获得日志信息;考虑设置环境变量 $SVN_EDITOR,或者使用 --message (-m) 或 --file (-F) 选项

  svn: 没有设置 SVN_EDITOR,VISUAL 或 EDITOR 环境变量,运行时的配置参数中也没有 “editor-cmd” 选项

  解决办法:

  a.vim ~/.bash_profile

  b.增加:export SVN_EDITOR=vim

  上面就是CentOS安装使用subversion的方法介绍了,包括了版本库的创建和subversion的配置,希望对你有所帮助。

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