centos5 源码安装Nginx + mysql + apache + php的方法

页面导航:首页 > 操作系统 > RedHat/Centos > centos5 源码安装Nginx + mysql + apache + php的方法

centos5 源码安装Nginx + mysql + apache + php的方法

来源: 作者: 时间:2015-12-17 16:36 【

安装教程网上有很多,放在google或是baidu一搜就有很多了,我也是新手,安装的时候也是从网上查找资料然后安装
安装教程网上有很多,放在google或是baidu一搜就有很多了,我也是新手,安装的时候也是从网上查找资料然后安装
主要依照的是张宴的一篇博文《http://blog.s135.com/post/366/》,安装的软件是也是从他提供的列表中下载,这里都是tar.gz格式,如果更希望是rpm格式的话,提供一个网址《http://rpmfind.net/linux/rpm2html/search.php》这里列出了比较完全的下载包。

我安装的系统:Centos5

1、下载;

我安装的下载来自张宴博文下的地址,下载保存的是home下自己目录的一个文件夹下:

复制代码
代码如下:

cd /home/xuxx/software
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/nginx/nginx-0.7.51.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/php/php-5.2.8.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/phpfpm/php-5.2.8-fpm-0.5.10.diff.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/mysql/mysql-5.1.33.zip
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/memcache/memcache-2.2.5.tgz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/pcre/pcre-7.8.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/eaccelerator/eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/pdo/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/imagick/ImageMagick.tar.gz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/imagick/imagick-2.2.2.tgz

2、准备编译安装环境,需要编译源码用到gc++
建议如果是新安装的系统,使用yum upgrade更新下系统。

复制代码
代码如下:

sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel
glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel
openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

注意:这里所有的命令是一行的而不能有换行符,如果是copy的时候,注意要去处该换行符

确保安装成功!才能正确使用编译。

3、安装:

一、安装PHP 5.2.8(FastCGI模式)
1、编译安装PHP 5.2.8所需的支持库:

1] libiconv库

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
make clean
>make distclean
cd ../

make clean 和make distclean都是删除安装过程中生成的缓存文件。当然如果你不介意放着也可以跳过这两步清理操作。

2]libmcrypt库

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd http://www.cnblogs.com/

3] mhash库

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

4]mcrypt库

注意:因为该库和libmcrypt有依赖性,所以在安装前必须知道libmcrypt,否则的话会出现:
错误

复制代码
代码如下:

checking for libmcrypt – version >= 2.5.0…
*** ‘libmcrypt-config –version’ returned 2.4.0, but LIBMCRYPT (2.5.8)
*** was found! If libmcrypt-config was correct, then it is best
*** to remove the old version of LIBMCRYPT. You may also be able to fix the error
*** by modifying your LD_LIBRARY_PATH enviroment variable, or by editing
*** /etc/ld.so.conf. Make sure you have run ldconfig if that is
*** required on your system.
*** If libmcrypt-config was wrong, set the environment variable LIBMCRYPT_CONFIG
*** to point to the correct copy of libmcrypt-config, and remove the file config.cache
*** before re-running configure
configure: error: *** libmcrypt was not found

是因为path的问题,所以执行:

复制代码
代码如下:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

然后再安装:

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

二、安装mysql

复制代码
代码如下:

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql xxx
unzip mysql-5.1.33.zip
cd mysql-5.1.33/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/ --enable-assembler --with-extra-charsets=complex --enable-thread-safe-client --with-big-tables
--with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --enable-local-infile --with-plugins=innobase
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
chmod +w /usr/local/webserver/mysql
chown -R xxx:mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql
cp support-files/my-medium.cnf.sh /usr/local/webserver/mysql/my.cnf
cd ../

注意:这里编译./configure命令是一行的而不能有换行符,如果是copy的时候,注意要去处该换行符

在最后一步拷贝的时候,我安装完在support-files下没有my-medium.cnf而只有my-medium.cnf.sh所以将这个文件拷贝过去。

@张宴原文:

附:以下为附加步骤,如果你想在这台服务器上运行MySQL数据库,则执行以下两步。如果你只是希望让PHP支持MySQL扩展库,能够连接其他服务器上的MySQL数据库,那么,以下两步无需执行。
  ①、以xxx用户帐号的身份建立数据表:

复制代码
代码如下:

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/data --user=xxx

②、启动MySQL(最后的&表示在后台运行)

复制代码
代码如下:

/bin/sh /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/my.cnf &

3、编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式)

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf php-5.2.8.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.8-fpm-0.5.10.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.8 -p1
cd php-5.2.8/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib
--with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem
--enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect
--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap
--with-ldap-sasl
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

注意:这里./configure命令是一行的而不能有换行符,如果是copy的时候,注意要去处该换行符

4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块--可选安装

复制代码
代码如下:

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd ../
tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.5.3/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd ../
tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd ../
tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd ../
tar zxvf imagick-2.2.2.tgz
cd imagick-2.2.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
make clean
make distclean
cd ../


5、修改php.ini文件
  <STRONG>手工修改:</STRONG>查找/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = "./"
  修改为extension_dir = "/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
  并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
  extension = "memcache.so"
  extension = "pdo_mysql.so"
  extension = "imagick.so"

  再查找output_buffering = Off
  修改为output_buffering = On

6、配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:

复制代码
代码如下:

[eaccelerator]
zend_extension="/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="128"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="300"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="120"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="1"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"

修改配置文件:
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
kernel.shmmax = 134217728
然后执行以下命令使配置生效:/sbin/sysctl -p

以下的步骤和张宴步骤中一样配置,不再赘诉
Tags:

文章评论

最 近 更 新
热 点 排 行
Js与CSS工具
代码转换工具

<