Linux系统Jsp的环境:Apache,Tomcat配置

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Linux系统Jsp的环境:Apache,Tomcat配置

来源: 作者: 时间:2015-12-18 14:17 【

1.操作系统 RedHat Linux 9.0 2.所需软件 Apache 2.0.54 下载地址 http://apache.freelamp.com/httpd 下载该文件httpd-2.0.54.tar.gz Tomcat5.5.9 下载地址 http://apache.justdn.org/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.9/bin/
1.操作系统   RedHat Linux 9.0   2.所需软件   Apache 2.0.54   下载地址   http://apache.freelamp.com/httpd   下载该文件httpd-2.0.54.tar.gz   Tomcat5.5.9   下载地址   http://apache.justdn.org/jakarta/tomcat-5/v5.5.9/bin/   

1.

  RedHat Linux 9.0

  2.所需软件

  Apache 2.0.54

  下载地址

  

  下载该文件httpd-2.0.54.tar.gz

  Tomcat5.5.9

  下载地址

  

  下载该文件jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.tar.gz

  Mod_jk 1.2.14

  下载地址

  

  下载该文件jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14-src.tar.gz

  Jdk 1_5_0_04

  下载地址

  

  下载该文件jdk-1_5_0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin

  下载时将所需软件包文件保存在/usr/local目录下

  3.步骤

  A JDK

  # cd /usr/local/

  # chmod +x jdk-1_5_0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin

  # ./jdk-1.5.0_04-linux-i586-rpm.bin

  # cd /usr/java/

  # ln -s /usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04 /usr/local/java

  # vi /etc/profile

  #

  添加如下内容

  JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04

  CLASSPATH=/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04/lib/dt.jar:/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04/lib/tools.jar

  PATH=/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04/bin: $PATH

  export PATH JAVA_HOME CLASSPATH

  B Apache

  # cd /usr/local/

  # tar xvfz httpd-2.0.54.tar.gz

  # cd httpd-2.0.54

  # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-module=so

  # make

  # make install

  # cd /usr/local/apache/conf

  # vi ./httpd.conf

  将Listen 80 修改为Listen 127.0.0.1:80 (219行)

  将ServerName 修改为ServerName LocalHost:80 (291行)

  在DirectoryIndex中添加 index.jsp (394行)

  # cd /usr/local/apache/bin/

  # ./apachectl configtest

  显示Syntax ok则表明成功

  #./apachectl start

  启动apache服务,浏览器中访问本机80端口,查看端口是否正常,输入127.0.0.1:80

  # ./apachectl stop

  关闭

  备注:prefix定义apache的路径

  C安装Tomcat

  # cd /usr/local/

  # tar xvfz jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.tar.gz

  # ln ?s /usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9 /usr/local/tomcat

  # vi /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh

  第46行加入此句

  JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk-1_5_0_04

  启动后,访问本机8080端口,查看端口是否正常(输入127.0.0.1:8080)

  # /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh /startup.bat

  关闭

  # /usr/local/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh /shutdown.bat

  D JK

  # cd /usr/local/

  # tar xzvf jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14-src.tar.gz

  # cd jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.14-src/jk/native

  # chmod 755 buildconf.sh

  # ./buildconf.sh

  # ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs

  # make

  # make install

  # cd /usr/local/jakarta-tomcat-connectors-jk1.2.14-src/jk/native/apache-2.0/

  # cp mod_jk.so /usr/local/apache/modules/

  E 整合

  # vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

  在文件最末尾加上如下语句

  #Load mod_jk

  LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so

  # Configure mod_jk

  JkWorkersFile conf/workers.properties

  JkLogFile logs/mod_jk.log

  JkLogLevel info

  JkMount /*.jsp loadbalancer

  JkMount /servlet/* loadbalancer

  JkMount /application/* loadbalancer

  #vi /usr/local/apache/conf/workers.properties

  添加下列语句

  #

  # workers.properties

  #

  # In Unix, we use forward slashes:

  ps=/

  # list the workers by name

  worker.list=tomcat1, tomcat2, loadbalancer

  # ------------------------

  # First tomcat server

  # ------------------------

  worker.tomcat1.port=8009

  worker.tomcat1.host=127.0.0.1

  worker.tomcat1.type=ajp13

  # Specify the size of the open connection cache.

  #worker.tomcat1.cachesize

  #

  # Specifies the load balance factor when used with

  # a load balancing worker.

  # Note:

  # ----> lbfactor must be > 0

  # ----> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.

  worker.tomcat1.lbfactor=100

  # ------------------------

  # Second tomcat server

  # ------------------------

  worker.tomcat2.port=8009

  worker.tomcat2.host=192.168.1.34

  worker.tomcat2.type=ajp13

  # Specify the size of the open connection cache.

  #worker.tomcat2.cachesize

  #

  # Specifies the load balance factor when used with

  # a load balancing worker.

  # Note:

  # ----> lbfactor must be > 0

  # ----> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.

  worker.tomcat2.lbfactor=100

  # ------------------------

  # Load Balancer worker

  # ------------------------

  # The loadbalancer (type lb) worker performs weighted round-robin

  # load balancing with sticky sessions.

  # Note:

  # ----> If a worker dies, the load balancer will check its state

  # once in a while. Until then all work is redirected to peer

  # worker.

  worker.loadbalancer.type=lb

  worker.loadbalancer.balanced_workers=tomcat1, tomcat2

  #

  # END workers.properties

  #

  #vi /usr/local/tomcat/conf/server.xml

    
  protocolHandlerClassName="org.apache.jk.server.JkCoyoteHandler"

  redirectPort="8443" protocol="AJP/1.3" />  第101行

  在119行左右加入如下语句(去注释)

  

  若第二台tomcat,将jvmRoute的修改为tomcat2

  整合完毕

  启动apache和tomcat服务

  # /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

  # /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh start

  将如下内容添加至/etc/rc.d/rc.local文件末尾

  以便启动后开启apache,tomcat服务

  #vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

  添加

  /usr/local/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh start

  /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

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