目录

  • 单元测试

  • UI 测试

原文链接: Unit and UI Testing in Android Studio

2. UI 测试

  • 配置

  • 编码

  • 测试

2.1 配置

2.1.1 IDE 配置
Build Variants => Test Artifact => Android Instrumentation Tests
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2.1.2 build.gradle

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 22
    buildToolsVersion "22.0.1"

    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.example.testing.testingexample"
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 22
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"

        //ADD THIS LINE:
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    }

    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }

    //ADD THESE LINES:
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'LICENSE.txt'
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:22.0.0' //← MAKE SURE IT’S 22.0.0
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'

    //ADD THESE LINES:
    androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:runner:0.2'
    androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test:rules:0.2'
    androidTestCompile 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.1'
}

重要:由于一些依赖版本冲突,你需要确认com.android.support:appcompat-v7库的版本号是22.0.0,像上面的代码片段一样。

2.2 编码

2.2.1 为 app 添加交互

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activity_main.xml

<RelativeLayout >"http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    >"http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin" tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:text="@string/hello_world" android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    <EditText
        android:hint="Enter your name here"
        android:id="@+id/editText"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@+id/textView"/>
    <Button
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Say hello!"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText"
        android:onClick="sayHello"/>
</RelativeLayout>

MainActivity.java

public void sayHello(View v){
    TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
    EditText editText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText);
    textView.setText("Hello, " + editText.getText().toString() + "!");
}

2.2.2 编写测试

androidTest 包中新建测试类
MainActivityInstrumentationTest.java

import android.support.test.InstrumentationRegistry;
import android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions;
import android.support.test.rule.ActivityTestRule;
import android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnit4;
import android.test.ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2;
import android.test.suitebuilder.annotation.LargeTest;

import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Rule;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

import static android.support.test.espresso.Espresso.onView;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.click;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.closeSoftKeyboard;
import static android.support.test.espresso.action.ViewActions.typeText;
import static android.support.test.espresso.assertion.ViewAssertions.matches;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withId;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withText;

@RunWith(AndroidJUnit4.class)
@LargeTest
public class MainActivityInstrumentationTest {

    private static final String STRING_TO_BE_TYPED = "Peter";

    @Rule
    public ActivityTestRule<MainActivity> mActivityRule = new ActivityTestRule<>(
        MainActivity.class);

    @Test
    public void sayHello(){
        onView(withId(R.id.editText)).perform(typeText(STRING_TO_BE_TYPED), closeSoftKeyboard()); //line 1

        onView(withText("Say hello!")).perform(click()); //line 2

        String expectedText = "Hello, " + STRING_TO_BE_TYPED + "!";
        onView(withId(R.id.textView)).check(matches(withText(expectedText))); //line 3
    }

}

2.3 进行测试

测试文件上点右键 Run 测试就可以了。
稍后会看到手机自动运行 app,并按照测试代码中写的进行自动测试。

2.4 测试结果

本文固定链接: http://www.js-code.com/android/android_55623.html