HowtoDiagnoseOracleDataPump-如何给数据泵添加诊断信息

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HowtoDiagnoseOracleDataPump-如何给数据泵添加诊断信息

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-29 09:07 【

11g的数据泵(expdp impdp)还是有很多bug,经常遇到莫名的卡死现象,让人不知所措,最近看了一篇文章,其实在进行数据泵导出导入的时候,可以进行日志跟踪Parameter: TRACE启用跟踪功能

11g的数据泵(expdp/impdp)还是有很多bug,经常遇到莫名的卡死现象,让人不知所措,最近看了一篇文章,其实在进行数据泵导出导入的时候,可以进行日志跟踪

Parameter: TRACE

启用跟踪功能,只需要在DataPump(expdp)或DataPump(impdp)的时候添加一个trace参数,对其指定一个7位数的十六进制。前三个数字启用跟踪特定的数据泵,而通常最后四位数字为:0300。任何前导零的可以省略,跟踪参数指定的值是不区分大小写的。

TRACE = 04A0300
or:
TRACE=4a0300

注意该参数的使用必须要有特定的权限,否则会报ORA-31631错误

% expdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=emp TRACE=480300 
Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Friday, 19 October, 2007 13:46:33 
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, . All rights reserved. 
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production 
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP and Data Mining Scoring Engine options 
ORA-31631: privileges are required
这种情况,我们只需要授予 EXP_FULL_DATABASE 或者IMP_FULL_DATABASE角色
CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
GRANT exp_full_database TO scott;
% expdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=emp TRACE=480300 

这里的参数为480300,其他Trace的参数及跟踪的数据泵组件对应的例子有:

-- Example of combination (last 4 digits are usually 0300): 
 40300 to trace Process services
 80300 to trace Master Control Process (MCP)
400300 to trace Worker process(es) 
-- + 
4C0300 to trace Process services and Master Control and Worker processes
生成的跟踪日志的格式一般如下:

-- Run a Data Pump job with full tracing: 
-- This results in two trace files in BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST:    
--    Master Process trace file: <SID>_dm<number>_<process_id>.trc     
--    Worker Process trace file: <SID>_dw<number>_<process_id>.trc     
-- And one trace file in USER_DUMP_DEST:    
--    Shadow Process trace file: <SID>_ora_<process_id>.trc  

如何找到参数文件的位置?

Data Pump trace files 写在BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST 和USER_DUMP_DEST.

<strong>Data Pump Master Control Process (MCP).</strong>
Format : <SID>_dm<number>_<process_id>.trc 
Example: ORCL_dm00_2896.trc   or:   ORCL_dm01_3422.trc (for second active Master Control Process) 
Location: BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST   or   <ADR_HOME>/trace
<strong>Data Pump Worker Process trace file.</strong>
Format : <SID>_dw<number>_<process_id>.trc 
Example: ORCL_dw01_2936.trc   or:   ORCL_dw01_2844.trc  and  ORCL_dw02_2986.trc (if PARALLEL=2) 
Location: BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST   or   <ADR_HOME>/trace
<strong>Data Pump Shadow Process trace file.</strong>
Format : <SID>_ora_<process_id>.trc 
Example: ORCL_ora_3020.trc 
Location: USER_DUMP_DEST   or   <ADR_HOME>/trace

跟踪日志生成案例

<pre name="code" class="sql">Trace file /u01/app/product/oracle/diag/rdbms/hnyy/hnyy1/trace/hnyy1_dm00_28574120.trc
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/product/oracle/db_1
System name:	AIX
Node name:	orcl1
Release:	1
Version:	6
Machine:	00F6C6C64C00
Instance name: hnyy1
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 559
Unix process pid: 28574120, image: [email protected] (DM00)


*** 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
*** SESSION ID:(8851.28833) 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
*** CLIENT ID:() 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$USERS) 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
*** MODULE NAME:() 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
*** ACTION NAME:() 2014-12-05 13:06:38.154
 
KUPP:13:06:38.142: Current trace/debug flags: 00480300 = 4719360
*** MODULE NAME:(Data Pump Master) 2014-12-05 13:06:38.195
*** ACTION NAME:(SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01) 2014-12-05 13:06:38.195
 
KUPC:13:06:38.194: Setting remote flag for this process to FALSE
prvtaqis - Enter 
prvtaqis subtab_name upd 
prvtaqis sys table upd 
KUPM:13:06:38.336: Attached to control queue as MCP
KUPM:13:06:38.345: While starting, control queue subscriber count is: 2
KUPP:13:06:38.346: Initialization complete for master process DM00
KUPM:13:06:38.405: Entered main loop
KUPM:13:06:38.640: ****IN DISPATCH at 47198, request type=1001
KUPM:13:06:38.640: Current user is: SYSTEM
KUPM:13:06:38.640: hand := DBMS_DATAPUMP.OPEN ('EXPORT', 'FULL', '', 'SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01', '', '2');

*** 2014-12-05 13:06:40.338
K
UPM:13:06:40.337: Resumable enabled
KUPM:13:06:40.346: Entered state: DEFINING
KUPM:13:06:40.346: initing file system
kwqberlst !retval block 
kwqberlst rqan->lagno_kwqiia  7 
kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia > 0 block 
kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia  7 


kwqberlst ascn -1500723611 lascn 22 
KUPM:13:06:42.700: ****IN DISPATCH at 47202, request type=1035
KUPM:13:06:42.700: Current user is: SYSTEM
KUPM:13:06:42.700: DBMS_DATAPUMP.SET_PARAMETER (hand, 'CLIENT_COMMAND', 'system/******** dumpfile=dump:full20141204b_%U_db.dmp logfile=dump:full_expdp1204b_db.log full=y exclude=STATISTICS,PACKAGE,FUNCTION,PROCEDURE,INDEX,TABLE:"IN (select table_name from dba_tab
KUPM:13:06:42.700: les where table_name in ('电子病历图形','检验图像结果','检验报告图像') and owner='ZLHIS')" cluster=n TRACE=480300 ');
KUPM:13:06:42.700: In Check_param_dependency with name: CLIENT_COMMAND
KUPM:13:06:42.703: ****OUT DISPATCH, request type=1035, response type =2041
kwqberlst !retval block 
kwqberlst rqan->lagno_kwqiia  7 
kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia > 0 block 
kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia  7 
kwqberlst ascn -1500723611 lascn 22 
KUPM:13:06:42.750: ****IN DISPATCH at 47202, request type=1022
KUPM:13:06:42.750: Current user is: SYSTEM
KUPM:13:06:42.750: DBMS_DATAPUMP.ADD_FILE (hand, 'full20141204b_%U_db.dmp', 'DUMP', 0, , 1);










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