Oracle11.2.0.1.0下ACS测试

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Oracle11.2.0.1.0下ACS测试

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-29 09:07 【

在版本11 2 0 1 0,ACS(adaptiver cursor sharing)测试的结果是: 1 在绑定窥探有效的情况下,使用绑定变量,在直方图准确的情况下,相同的SQL,CBO会对比之前的执行计划,以前执行过此SQL,如

在版本11.2.0.1.0,ACS(adaptiver cursor sharing)测试的结果是:

1. 在绑定窥探有效的情况下,使用绑定变量,在直方图准确的情况下,相同的SQL,CBO会对比之前的执行计划,以前执行过此SQL,如果第一次发现效率比以前低,第二次会重新生成执行计划。

2. 在绑定窥探失效的情况下,使用绑定变量,CBO完全忽略直方图。

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
CORE 11.2.0.1.0 Production
TNS for : Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production

SQL> show parameter _optimizer_adaptive_cursor_sharing;
NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ----------------------
_optimizer_adaptive_cursor_sharing boolean TRUE
SQL> show parameter _optimizer_extended_cursor_sharing;
NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ---------------------
_optimizer_extended_cursor_sharing string UDO
_optimizer_extended_cursor_sharing_rel string SIMPLE

--制造数据
drop table test purge;
create table test(id number,name varchar2(10),descri varchar2(1000));
begin
for i in 1 .. 100000 loop
insert into test values(i,'100',lpad('a',900,'b'));
end loop;
commit;
end;
/
update test set name='200' where rownum=1;
commit;
create index ind_name on TEST(name) nologging

;

--由于在11.2.0.1.0版本下用dbms_stats收集直方图不准确,所以用analyze

--在Oracle 11.2.0.1.0下dbms_stats.gather_table_stats收集直方图不准

SQL> analyze table test compute statistics for table for columns name size 2;
--exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(user,'test',cascade => true,method_opt =>'for all columns size skewonly');
--数据分布
SQL> select name,count(1) from test group by name;
NAME COUNT(1)
---------- ----------
100 99999
200 1
SQL> set autotrace traceonly
SQL> select * from test where name='100';
已选择99999行。
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 99999 | 86M| 2664 (1)| 00:00:38 |
|* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 99999 | 86M| 2664 (1)| 00:00:38 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

1 - filter("NAME"='100')
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
1 recursive calls
0 db block gets
13515 consistent gets
133 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73663 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> select * from test where name='200';
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 688048857
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 909 | 2 (0)| 00:00:01 |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TEST | 1 | 909 | 2 (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 2 | INDEX RANGE SCAN | IND_NAME | 1 | | 1 (0)| 00:00:01 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

2 - access("NAME"='200')
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
1 recursive calls
0 db block gets
3 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
1342 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
337 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
1 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off

--使用绑定窥探,先使用查大部分数据的条件,可以看到两个都是全表扫描

--先看到绑定窥探是有效的

SQL> show parameter _optim_peek_user_binds;
NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
_optim_peek_user_binds boolean TRUE
SQL> alter system flush shared_pool;
SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache;
SQL> var ccc varchar2(10);
SQL> exec :ccc:='100';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;


已选择99999行。
统计信息

----------------------------------------------------------
354 recursive calls
0 db block gets
13565 consistent gets
6853 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73664 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
7 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0
SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(1301684711,0));
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HASH_VALUE 1301684711, child number 0
--------------------------------------
select * from test where name=:ccc
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | | 2664 (100)| |
|* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 99999 | 86M| 2664 (1)| 00:00:38 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------


1 - filter("NAME"=:CCC)

第一次执行:ccc:='200'
 

SQL> exec :ccc:='200';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
0 recursive calls
0 db block gets
6849 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
1342 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
1 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off

SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0

第二次执行:ccc:='200'

SQL> exec :ccc:='200';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
1 recursive calls
0 db block gets
3 consistent gets
8 physical reads
0 redo size
1342 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
1 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0
1301684711 1

SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(1301684711,1));
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HASH_VALUE 1301684711, child number 1
--------------------------------------
select * from test where name=:ccc
Plan hash value: 688048857
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | | 2 (100)| |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TEST | 1 | 909 | 2 (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 2 | INDEX RANGE SCAN | IND_NAME | 1 | | 1 (0)| 00:00:01 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
2 - access("NAME"=:CCC)

--使用绑定窥探,先使用查小部分数据的条件

SQL> alter system flush shared_pool;
SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache;
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
未选定行
SQL> exec :ccc:='200';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
354 recursive calls
0 db block gets
54 consistent gets
27 physical reads
0 redo size
1342 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
7 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
1 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0

SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(1301684711,0));
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HASH_VALUE 1301684711, child number 0
--------------------------------------
select * from test where name=:ccc
Plan hash value: 688048857
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | | 2 (100)| |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| TEST | 1 | 909 | 2 (0)| 00:00:01 |
|* 2 | INDEX RANGE SCAN | IND_NAME | 1 | | 1 (0)| 00:00:01 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
2 - access("NAME"=:CCC)
第一次执行ccc:='100'
SQL> exec :ccc:='100';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
已选择99999行。
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
0 recursive calls
0 db block gets
20106 consistent gets
6884 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73664 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0
第二次执行ccc:='100'
SQL> exec :ccc:='100';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
已选择99999行。
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
1 recursive calls
0 db block gets
13515 consistent gets
133 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73664 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0
1301684711 1
SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(1301684711,1));
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HASH_VALUE 1301684711, child number 1
--------------------------------------
select * from test where name=:ccc
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | | 2664 (100)| |
|* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 99999 | 86M| 2664 (1)| 00:00:38 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
1 - filter("NAME"=:CCC)

--不使用绑定窥探,先使用查小部分数据的条件

SQL> alter session set "_optim_peek_user_binds"=false;
SQL> alter system flush shared_pool;
SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache;
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
SQL> exec :ccc:='200';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
354 recursive calls
0 db block gets
6899 consistent gets
6853 physical reads
0 redo size
1342 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
7 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
1 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0
--看到是全表扫描,正确的是索引扫描
SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(1301684711,0));
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HASH_VALUE 1301684711, child number 0
--------------------------------------
select * from test where name=:ccc
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | | 2663 (100)| |
|* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 50000 | 43M| 2663 (1)| 00:00:38 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
1 - filter("NAME"=:CCC)
SQL> exec :ccc:='100';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
已选择99999行。
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
0 recursive calls
0 db block gets
13515 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73664 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0

SQL> exec :ccc:='100';
SQL> set autotrace trace stat
SQL> select * from test where name=:ccc;
已选择99999行。
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
0 recursive calls
0 db block gets
13515 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
1564422 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
73664 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
6668 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
99999 rows processed
SQL> set autotrace off
SQL> select hash_value, child_number from v$sql
where sql_text = 'select * from test where name=:ccc';
HASH_VALUE CHILD_NUMBER
---------- ------------
1301684711 0

 

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