Oracle锁定临时表统计信息及锁住后是否能用动态

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Oracle锁定临时表统计信息及锁住后是否能用动态

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-01-29 09:07 【

全局临时表的统计信息是不能被收集的,如果被收集,它的统计信息肯定为0,会造成执行计划不准,所以要锁定它的统计信息,禁止系统自动收集。--先解锁表的统计信息,然后删除表

全局临时表的统计信息是不能被收集的,如果被收集,它的统计信息肯定为0,会造成执行计划不准,所以要锁定它的统计信息,禁止自动收集。

--先解锁表的统计信息,然后删除表的统计信息,最后锁住表的统计信息

declare

v_sqlvarchar2(500);

cursor rowList1 is

select'begin dbms_stats.unlock_table_stats(user,''' || table_name ||'''); end;'

from user_tables s

where s.temporary = 'Y';

cursor rowList2 is

select'begin dbms_stats.delete_table_stats(user,''' || table_name ||'''); end;'

from user_tables s

where s.temporary = 'Y';

cursor rowList3 is

select'begin dbms_stats.lock_table_stats(user,''' || table_name ||'''); end;'

from user_tables s

where s.temporary = 'Y';

begin

open rowList1;

open rowList2;

open rowList3;

loop

fetch rowList1 into v_sql;

executeimmediate v_sql;

exitwhen rowList1%notfound;

endloop;

loop

fetch rowList2 into v_sql;

executeimmediate v_sql;

exitwhen rowList2%notfound;

endloop;

loop

fetch rowList3 into v_sql;

executeimmediate v_sql;

exitwhen rowList3%notfound;

endloop;

close rowList1;

close rowList2;

close rowList3;

end;

-- STATTYPE_LOCKED='ALL'意思是表的统计信息被锁

select s.table_name,s.STATTYPE_LOCKED from user_TAB_STATISTICS s where s.STATTYPE_LOCKED='ALL';

--当表的统计信息被锁后,用动态采集的hint是否生效,实验结果是hint是生效的

SQL> drop table test purge;
SQL> create table test as select * from dba_objects;
SQL> exec dbms_stats.lock_table_stats(user,'test');
SQL> select s.num_rows, s.last_analyzed
from user_tables s
where s.table_name = 'TEST';
NUM_ROWS LAST_ANALYZED
---------- --------------

--说明表被锁了
SQL> select s.STATTYPE_LOCKED from user_TAB_STATISTICS s
where s.table_name='TEST';
STATTYPE_L
----------
ALL
SQL> select count(*) from test;
COUNT(*)
----------
70384
SQL> set autotrace traceonly
SQL> select /*+ dynamic_sampling(test 1) */ * from test;
已选择70384行。
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 160K| 31M| 199 (3)| 00:00:03 |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 160K| 31M| 199 (3)| 00:00:03 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note
-----
- dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
4 recursive calls
0 db block gets
5239 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
3186713 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
51949 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
4694 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
70384 rows processed


SQL> select /*+ dynamic_sampling(test 5) */ * from test;
已选择70384行。
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 9747 | 1970K| 195 (0)| 00:00:03 |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 9747 | 1970K| 195 (0)| 00:00:03 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note
-----
- dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
4 recursive calls
0 db block gets
5239 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
3186713 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
51949 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
4694 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
70384 rows processed


SQL> select /*+ dynamic_sampling(test 10) */ * from test;
已选择70384行。
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1357081020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 70384 | 13M| 197 (2)| 00:00:03 |
| 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| TEST | 70384 | 13M| 197 (2)| 00:00:03 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note
-----
- dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
0 recursive calls
0 db block gets
5165 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
3186713 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
51949 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
4694 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
70384 rows processed

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