Oracle11g新特性系统分区表

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Oracle11g新特性系统分区表

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

在11g中有个新特性是系统的分区表,下面来做个实验:SQL select * from v$version;BANNER--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Oracle Database 11

在11g中有个新特性是系统的分区表,下面来做个实验:

SQL> select * from v$version;
BANNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
CORE 11.2.0.1.0 Production
TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production

SQL> drop table S_P_TEST purge;

SQL> CREATE TABLE S_P_TEST
(
col1 number,
name varchar2(100)
)
PARTITION BY SYSTEM
(
PARTITION p1,
PARTITION p2,
PARTITION p3,
PARTITION p4
);

--插入时要指明分区
SQL> insert into S_P_TEST select object_id,object_name from dba_objects;
insert into S_P_TEST select object_id,object_name from dba_objects
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-14701: 对于按“”方法进行分区的表, 必须对 DML 使用分区扩展名或绑定变量
SQL> insert into S_P_TEST partition(p1) select object_id,object_name from dba_objects
where object_type='TABLE';
已创建2115行。
SQL> insert into S_P_TEST partition(p2) select object_id,object_name from dba_objects
where object_type='INDEX';
已创建2888行。
SQL> commit;
SQL> select count(1) from S_P_TEST;
COUNT(1)
----------
5003
SQL> select count(1) from S_P_TEST partition(p1);
COUNT(1)
----------
2115
SQL> select count(1) from S_P_TEST partition(p2);
COUNT(1)
----------
2888
--相同的数据可以插入到不同的分区中,这说明数据和分区没有任何关系
SQL> insert into S_P_TEST partition(p3) values(1,'aa');
SQL> insert into S_P_TEST partition(p4) values(1,'aa');
SQL> commit;
SQL> select * from S_P_TEST partition(p3);
COL1 NAME
---------- ------------------------------------------
1 aa
SQL> select * from S_P_TEST partition(p4);

COL1 NAME
---------- -----------------------------------------
1 aa

--传统的分区裁剪和分区智能关联无效,不能建立本地化的索引
SQL> ALTER TABLE S_P_TEST SPLIT PARTITION p1 at(1000)
into(partition p3,partition p4);
ALTER TABLE S_P_TEST SPLIT PARTITION p1 at(1000)
*
第 1 行出现错误:

ORA-14255: 未按范围, 列表, 组合范围或组合列表方法对表进行分区

--如果你知道数据在哪个表里面,做好要制定分区条件
SQL> set autotrace traceonly
SQL> select * from S_P_TEST where col1=1;
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2020968526
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | Pstart| Pstop |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 2 | 130 | 10 (0)| 00:00:01 | | |
| 1 | PARTITION SYSTEM ALL| | 2 | 130 | 10 (0)| 00:00:01 | 1 | 4 |
|* 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL | S_P_TEST | 2 | 130 | 10 (0)| 00:00:01 | 1 | 4 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
2 - filter("COL1"=1)
Note
-----
- dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
5 recursive calls
0 db block gets
70 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
414 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)
2 rows processed
SQL> select * from S_P_TEST partition(p3) where col1=1;
执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1626227678
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | Pstart| Pstop |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 65 | 4 (0)| 00:00:01 | | |
| 1 | PARTITION SYSTEM SINGLE| | 1 | 65 | 4 (0)| 00:00:01 | 3 | 3 |
|* 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL | S_P_TEST | 1 | 65 | 4 (0)| 00:00:01 | 3 | 3 |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
2 - filter("COL1"=1)
Note
-----
- dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)
统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
5 recursive calls
0 db block gets
15 consistent gets
0 physical reads
0 redo size
385 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
338 bytes received via SQL*Net from client
2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
0 sorts (memory)
0 sorts (disk)

1 rows processed

系统分区表的使用场景我想并不多,如果对传统的分区表数据的特性理解是:1.数据和分区是有联系的; 2.分区就是把很多的表粘在一起管理。那系统分区表只有第二个特性。
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