配置ORACLE11GADG

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配置ORACLE11GADG

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

以前装过10g的,没有做笔记,昨天使用duplicate方法装了个11g ADG,过程艰辛,记录下: 一、环境配置 主库IP地址:192 168 233 128 24操作系统版本:rhel5 8 64bit数据库版本:11 2 0 1 64bit数据库

以前装过10g的,没有做笔记,昨天使用duplicate方法装了个11g ADG,过程艰辛,记录下:

一、环境配置

主库

IP地址:192.168.233.128/24

操作系统版本:rhel5.8 64bit

版本:11.2.0.1 64bit

数据库sid名:orcl

数据库名:orcl

数据库db_unique_name:orcl1

主机名:pr

物理备库

IP地址:192.168.233.129/24

操作系统版本:rhel5.8 64bit

数据库版本:11.2.0.1 64bit

数据库sid名:orcl

数据库名:orcl

数据库db_unique_name:orcl2

主机名:st

二、修改主备库listener.ora,tnsnames.ora文件如下

[[email protected] admin]$ more listener.ora
LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = pr)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
)
)

[[email protected] admin]$ more tnsnames.ora
orcl1=
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.233.128)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = orcl1)
)
)

orcl2=
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.233.129)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = orcl2)
)
)

 

[[email protected] admin]$ more listener.ora
LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = st)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
)
)


SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = orcl2)
(ORACLE_HOME = /export/11g/product)
(SID_NAME = orcl)
)
)


[[email protected] admin]$ more tnsnames.ora
orcl1=
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.233.128)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = orcl1)
)
)

orcl2=
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.233.129)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = orcl2)
)
)

 


 

三、修改主库、备库的pfile文件,红色部分为新增加的部分。

[[email protected] dbs]$ more initorcl.ora
orcl.__db_cache_size=142606336
orcl.__java_pool_size=4194304
orcl.__large_pool_size=4194304
orcl.__oracle_base='/export/11g'#ORACLE_BASE set from environment
orcl.__pga_aggregate_target=167772160
orcl.__sga_target=251658240
orcl.__shared_io_pool_size=0
orcl.__shared_pool_size=92274688
orcl.__streams_pool_size=0
*.audit_file_dest='/export/11g/admin/orcl/adump'
*.audit_trail='db'
*.compatible='11.2.0.0.0'
*.control_files='/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl','/export/11g/flash_recovery_area/orcl/control02.ctl'
*.db_block_size=8192
*.db_domain=''
*.db_name='orcl'
*.db_recovery_file_dest='/export/11g/flash_recovery_area'
*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=4070572032
*.diagnostic_dest='/export/11g'
*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=orclXDB)'
*.log_archive_format='%t_%s_%r.dbf'
*.memory_target=417333248
*.open_cursors=300
*.processes=150
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
*.db_unique_name='orcl1'
*.fal_client='orcl1'
*.fal_server='orcl2'
*.log_archive_config='DG_CONFIG=(orcl1,orcl2)'
*.log_archive_dest_1='LOCATION=USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST valid_for=(all_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=orcl1'
*.log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=orcl2 lgwr async valid_for=(online_logfile,primary_role) db_unique_name=orcl2'
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
*.standby_file_management='AUTO'

 

[[email protected] dbs]$ more initorcl.ora
orcl.__db_cache_size=142606336
orcl.__java_pool_size=4194304
orcl.__large_pool_size=4194304
orcl.__oracle_base='/export/11g'#ORACLE_BASE set from environment
orcl.__pga_aggregate_target=167772160
orcl.__sga_target=251658240
orcl.__shared_io_pool_size=0
orcl.__shared_pool_size=92274688
orcl.__streams_pool_size=0
*.audit_file_dest='/export/11g/admin/orcl/adump'
*.audit_trail='db'
*.compatible='11.2.0.0.0'
*.control_files='/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl','/export/11g/flash_recovery_area/orcl/control02.ctl'
*.db_block_size=8192
*.db_domain=''
*.db_name='orcl'
*.db_recovery_file_dest='/export/11g/flash_recovery_area'
*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=4070572032
*.diagnostic_dest='/export/11g'
*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=orclXDB)'
*.log_archive_format='%t_%s_%r.dbf'
*.memory_target=417333248
*.open_cursors=300
*.processes=150
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
*.fal_client='orcl2'
*.fal_server='orcl1'
*.log_archive_config='DG_CONFIG=(orcl1,orcl2)'
*.log_archive_dest_1='LOCATION=USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST valid_for=(all_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=orcl2'
*.log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=orcl1 lgwr async valid_for=(online_logfile,primary_role) db_unique_name=orcl1'
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
*.standby_file_management='AUTO'
*.db_unique_name='orcl2'

 

四、在备库上创建相应的目录

如udump/,oradate/

 

五、将备库启动到nomount状态,然后连接主库进行duplicate操作

  • [[email protected] ~]$ lsnrctl start [[email protected] ~]$ orapwd file=$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapworclpassword=oracle entries=5
  • [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus /nolog SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sun Apr 22 13:36:53 2012
  • Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, . All rights reserved.
  • SQL> conn /as sysdba Connected to an idle instance.
  • SQL> create spfile frompfile='/export/11g/product/dbs/initorcl.ora'; File created.
  • SQL> startup nomount
  • ORACLE instance started.
  • Total System Global Area 417546240 bytes Fixed Size 2228944 bytes
  • Variable Size 285216048 bytes Database Buffers 121634816 bytes
  • Redo Buffers 8466432 bytes

 

[[email protected] dbs]rman [email protected] [email protected]

RMAN> duplicate target database for standby from activedatabase nofilenamecheck;

 

Starting Duplicate Db at 10-NOV-14

using target databasecontrol file instead of recovery catalog

allocated channel:ORA_AUX_DISK_1

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1:SID=20 device type=DISK

 

contents of MemoryScript:

{

backup as copy reuse

targetfile '/export/11g/product/dbs/orapworcl' auxiliary format

'/export/11g/product/dbs/orapworcl' ;

}

executing Memory Script

 

Starting backup at 10-NOV-14

allocated channel:ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1:SID=43 device type=DISK

Finished backup at10-NOV-14

 

contents of MemoryScript:

{

backup as copy current controlfile forstandby auxiliary format '/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl';

restore clone controlfile to '/export/11g/flash_recovery_area/orcl/control02.ctl' from

'/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl';

}

executing Memory Script

 

Starting backup at 10-NOV-14

using channel ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1:starting datafile copy

copying standby controlfile

output filename=/export/11g/product/dbs/snapcf_orcl.f tag=TAG20141110T094600 RECID=5STAMP=863257560

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03

Finished backup at10-NOV-14

 

Starting restore at 10-NOV-14

using channelORA_AUX_DISK_1

 

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1:copied control file copy

Finished restore at10-NOV-14

 

contents of MemoryScript:

{

sql clone 'alter database mount standbydatabase';

}

executing Memory Script

 

sql statement: alterdatabase mount standby database

 

contents of MemoryScript:

{

set newname for tempfile 1 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/temp01.dbf";

switch clone tempfile all;

set newname for datafile 1 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf";

set newname for datafile 2 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf";

set newname for datafile 3 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf";

set newname for datafile 4 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf";

set newname for datafile 5 to

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf";

backup as copy reuse

datafile 1 auxiliary format

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf" datafile

2 auxiliary format

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf" datafile

3 auxiliary format

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf" datafile

4 auxiliary format

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf" datafile

5 auxiliary format

"/export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf" ;

sql 'alter system archive log current';

}

executing Memory Script

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

renamed tempfile 1 to/export/11g/oradata/orcl/temp01.dbf in control file

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

executing command: SETNEWNAME

 

Starting backup at 10-NOV-14

using channel ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1:starting datafile copy

input datafile filenumber=00001 name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf

output filename=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf tag=TAG20141110T094610

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:56

channel ORA_DISK_1: startingdatafile copy

input datafile filenumber=00002 name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf

output filename=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf tag=TAG20141110T094610

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:35

channel ORA_DISK_1:starting datafile copy

input datafile filenumber=00005 name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf

output filename=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf tag=TAG20141110T094610

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:16

channel ORA_DISK_1:starting datafile copy

input datafile filenumber=00003 name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf

output filename=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf tag=TAG20141110T094610

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07

channel ORA_DISK_1:starting datafile copy

input datafile filenumber=00004 name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf

output filename=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf tag=TAG20141110T094610

channel ORA_DISK_1:datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07

Finished backup at10-NOV-14

 

sql statement: altersystem archive log current

 

contents of MemoryScript:

{

switch clone datafile all;

}

executing Memory Script

 

datafile 1 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copyRECID=5 STAMP=863257693 file name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf

datafile 2 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copyRECID=6 STAMP=863257694 file name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf

datafile 3 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copyRECID=7 STAMP=863257694 file name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf

datafile 4 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copyRECID=8 STAMP=863257694 file name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf

datafile 5 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copyRECID=9 STAMP=863257694 file name=/export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf

Finished Duplicate Db at10-NOV-14

 

RMAN> exit

 

 

Recovery Managercomplete.

至此备库创建完成。

期间遇到很多的问题,现在总结如下:
1、执行[[email protected] dbs]rman target [email protected] [email protected],提示不能连接到orcl1,但是能ping同pr,原来是防火墙没有开通过

2、tnsname.ora文件中service_name 与连接对端的监听中的service_name相对应。

3、备库中的配置了静态监听,具体原因参见:http://blog.itpub.net/23135684/viewspace-692707

4、执行duplicate target database for standby from active database nofilenamecheck;运行过程中出现了以下错误,是因为缺少文中的第四步,没有在备库上创建相应的目录。

RMAN> duplicate target database for standby from active database;

Starting Duplicate Db at 10-NOV-14
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=19 device type=DISK

……省略

contents of Memory Script:
{
backup as copy current controlfile for standby auxiliary format '/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl';
restore clone controlfile to '/export/11g/flash_recovery_area/orcl/control02.ctl' from
'/export/11g/oradata/orcl/control01.ctl';
}
executing Memory Script

Starting backup at 10-NOV-14
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
copying standby control file
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of Duplicate Db command at 11/10/2014 09:24:29
RMAN-03015: error occurred in stored script Memory Script
RMAN-03009: failure of backup command on ORA_DISK_1 channel at 11/10/2014 09:24:29
ORA-17628: Oracle error 19505 returned by remote Oracle server

 

5、执行duplicate target database for standby from active database nofilenamecheck;,运行过程中出现了以下错误,是因为没有使用nofilenamecheck。

RMAN> duplicate target database for standby from active database;

Starting Duplicate Db at 10-NOV-14
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

…… …… 省略

contents of Memory Script:
{
sql clone 'alter database mount standby database';
}
executing Memory Script

sql statement: alter database mount standby database
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of Duplicate Db command at 11/10/2014 09:33:14
RMAN-05501: aborting duplication of target database
RMAN-05001: auxiliary file name /export/11g/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf conflicts with a file used by the target database
RMAN-05001: auxiliary file name /export/11g/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf conflicts with a file used by the target database
RMAN-05001: auxiliary file name /export/11g/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf conflicts with a file used by the target database
RMAN-05001: auxiliary file name /export/11g/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf conflicts with a file used by the target database
RMAN-05001: auxiliary file name /export/11g/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf conflicts with a file used by the target database


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