Oracle数据库常用经典查询

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Oracle数据库常用经典查询

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

本文收集了常用的数据库查询,需要数据库管理员权限:1 查询临时表空间使用情况SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, TABLESPACE_SIZE 1024 1024 TABLESPACE_SIZE_MB, ALLOCATED_SPACE

本文收集了常用的查询,需要数据库管理员权限:

1. 查询临时表空间使用情况

SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, 
    TABLESPACE_SIZE / 1024 / 1024 TABLESPACE_SIZE_MB,
    ALLOCATED_SPACE / 1024 / 1024 ALLOCATED_SPACE_MB,
    FREE_SPACE / 1024 / 1024 FREE_SPACE_MB,
    TO_CHAR((1 - FREE_SPACE / TABLESPACE_SIZE) * 100, '900.00') PERCENTAGE_USED
FROM DBA_TEMP_FREE_SPACE
;
2. 查询使用TEMP表空间的语句的SID, SERIAL#:
SELECT   B.TABLESPACE, B.SEGFILE#, B.SEGBLK#, ROUND (  (  ( B.BLOCKS * P.VALUE ) / 1024 / 1024 / 1024 ), 2 ) SIZE_GB
       , A.SID, A.SERIAL#, A.USERNAME, A.OSUSER, A.PROGRAM, A.STATUS
    FROM V$SESSION A, V$SORT_USAGE B, V$PROCESS C, V$PARAMETER P
   WHERE P.NAME = 'db_block_size'
     AND A.SADDR = B.SESSION_ADDR
     AND A.PADDR = C.ADDR
ORDER BY SIZE_GB DESC;
3. 根据上面查询 出的SERIAL#,查询出对应的语句:
SELECT S.SID, S.SERIAL#, T.SQL_FULLTEXT,T.SQL_ID,S.SQL_HASH_VALUE,T.HASH_VALUE 
FROM V$SESSION S, V$SQL T 
WHERE S.SQL_ADDRESS = T.ADDRESS 
AND S.SQL_HASH_VALUE = T.HASH_VALUE
AND S.SERIAL# = '&SERIAL#';
4. 查询表空间的使用情况:
SELECT 	TSU.TABLESPACE_NAME, CEIL(TSU.USED_GB) "used GB" --15467
,	DECODE(CEIL(TSF.FREE_GB), NULL,0,CEIL(TSF.FREE_GB)) "free GB"
,	DECODE(100 - CEIL(TSF.FREE_GB/TSU.USED_GB*100), NULL, 100
,   100 - CEIL(TSF.FREE_GB/TSU.USED_GB*100)) "% used"
FROM	(SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, SUM(BYTES)/1024/1024/1024 USED_GB 
          FROM DBA_DATA_FILES 
          GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME 
         UNION ALL
	 SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME || '  **TEMP**',SUM(BYTES)/1024/1024/1024 USED_GB 
           FROM DBA_TEMP_FILES 
           GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME
	) TSU
   ,	(SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, SUM(BYTES)/1024/1024/1024 FREE_GB 
           FROM DBA_FREE_SPACE 
           GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME
         ) TSF
WHERE	TSU.TABLESPACE_NAME = TSF.TABLESPACE_NAME (+)
AND ( TSF.TABLESPACE_NAME IN ('&tablespace_name1', '&tablespace_name1') );

5. 查询运行时间长的Session:

SELECT *
FROM
  (SELECT *
    FROM
    (SELECT VP.START_TIME "Start Time",ROUND((VP.LAST_UPDATE_TIME - VP.START_TIME)*60*24*60) ELAPSED,VP.MESSAGE "Message",
            DECODE (VP.TOTALWORK, 0, 0, ROUND (100 * VP.SOFAR / VP.TOTALWORK, 2)) "Percent", VP.TIME_REMAINING||' sec' REMAINING
     FROM V$SESSION_LONGOPS VP
     WHERE VP.SID = &session_id --实际要替换的参数
     )
  ORDER BY 1 DESC
  ); 

6. 查询数据库表的大小

SELECT SEGMENT_NAME, SUM(BYTES) / 1024 / 1024 / 1024 GB
FROM DBA_SEGMENTS
WHERE SEGMENT_NAME = '&table_name' <span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;">--实际要替换的参数</span>
GROUP BY SEGMENT_NAME; 
7. 查询数据库表的依赖:
SELECT * FROM DBA_DEPENDENCIES WHERE REFERENCED_NAME='&object_name';--输入对象名称

8. 输出创建表的语句

DECLARE
V_STR LONG;
CURSOR CUR 
IS
SELECT COLUMN_NAME||' '||DECODE(DATA_TYPE,  'NUMBER', DECODE(NULLIF(DATA_LENGTH, 22), NULL, DATA_TYPE, DATA_TYPE||'('||DATA_LENGTH||')'),
                                                                              'DATE', DATA_TYPE,
                                                                              DATA_TYPE||'('||DATA_LENGTH||')'
                                                                              )||','  COL
FROM DBA_TAB_COLS 
WHERE TABLE_NAME='&SOURCE_TABLE_NAME'
AND OWNER='&SOURCE_TABLE_OWNER'
ORDER BY COLUMN_NAME ASC;
BEGIN
       FOR REC IN CUR LOOP
       V_STR:=V_STR||REC.COL||CHR(10);
       END LOOP;
       V_STR:='CREATE TABLE'||' &TABLE_NAME'||' '||'('||CHR(10)||V_STR||CHR(10)||');';
       DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE(V_STR);
END;
9. 查询表结构
SELECT DBMS_METADATA.GET_DDL('TABLE','&table_name','&schema') FROM DUAL;--替换表名与表所在的schema
10. 查询数据库的字符集
SELECT * FROM NLS_DATABASE_PARAMETERS;
11. 查询 数据库用到的database link:
SELECT * FROM DBA_DB_LINKS WHERE DB_LINK='&db_link';
12. 查询数据表上的索引
select * from dba_indexes where owner='&owner' and table_name='&table_name';
13. 查询数据表用到的索引列
select * from dba_ind_columns where index_owner='&owner' and table_name='&table_name';
14. 查询数据表里的存储过程/函数/自定义类型/触发器/包
select * from dba_source 
where onwer='&owner'
and type='&type';
15. 查询约束
select * from dba_constraints;
select * from all_constraints;
select * from user_constraints;
16. 查询同义词
select * from dba_synonyms;
select * from all_synonyms;
select * from user_synonyms;
17. 查询出发器
select * from dba_triggers;
select * from all_triggers;
select * from user_triggers;
18. 查询视图
select * from dba_views;
select * from all_views;
select * from user_views;
19. 查询序列
select * from dba_sequences;
select * from all_sequences;
select * from user_sequences;
20. 查询物化视图
select * from DBA_MVIEWS;
select * from ALL_MVIEWS;
select * from USER_MVIEWS;
21. 查询数据库对象
select * from DBA_OBJECTS;
select * from ALL_OBJECTS;
select * from USER_OBJECTS;
22. 查询存储过程
select * from DBA_PROCEDURES;
select * from ALL_PROCEDURES;
select * from USER_PROCEDURES;
23. 查询数据库表
select * from DBA_TABLES;
select * from ALL_TABLES;
select * from USER_TABLES;
24. 查询数据库表的列
select * from DBA_TAB_COLUMNS;
select * from ALL_TAB_COLUMNS;
select * from USER_TAB_COLUMNS;
select * from DBA_TAB_COLS;
select * from ALL_TAB_COLS;
select * from USER_TAB_COLS;
25. 查询数据库表列的备注
select * from DBA_TAB_COMMENTS;
select * from ALL_TAB_COMMENTS;
select * from USER_TAB_COMMENTS;
26. 查看查询的执行计划
explain plan for select * from dict;
select * from table(dbms_xplan.display);

持续更新中...

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