ConnecttoaPDBofOracle12c

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ConnecttoaPDBofOracle12c

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

Story about CDB and PDBOracle12c has a new feature and definition of CDB and PDB If you first use 12c you will get confused like me So that is necessary to know

Story about CDB and PDB

12c has a new feature and definition of CDB and PDB. If you first use 12c you will get confused like me. So that is necessary to know some basic definitions before you start. Oracle's official document is always the best material.

What is CBD and PDB and why introduce them?

Login a CBD

[[email protected] ~]$ <strong>sqlplus /nolog</strong>

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Oct 27 23:07:56 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

SQL> conn [email protected] as sysdba
Enter password: 
Connected.
SQL> sho con_name

CON_NAME
------------------------------
CDB$ROOT
SQL> 
** sho con_name - show current container name. Root container is always called CDB#ROOT.

How many PDBs in your root container now?

SQL> sho pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME			  OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
	 2 PDB$SEED			  READ ONLY  NO
	 3 PDBORCL			  MOUNTED
SQL> 

** PDB$SEED is a seed PDB, as its name Oracle12c will take is
Default status of a new PDB is mounted. It's not running, you have to 'open' it before you start using it.

Open a PDB

You must have sysdba privilege.
SQL> alter pluggable database PDBORCL open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> sho pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME			  OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
	 2 PDB$SEED			  READ ONLY  NO
	 3 PDBORCL			  READ WRITE NO
SQL> 

Login a PDB

SQL> sho con_name

CON_NAME
------------------------------
CDB$ROOT
SQL> alter session set container=PDBORCL;

Session altered.

SQL> sho con_name

CON_NAME
------------------------------
PDBORCL
SQL> 
Now you login a PDB. Now you can create a new user as you operate a Oracle DB before 12c. This user is not common user. It's a user for this PDB. You also can understand PDB as a general DB of the version before 12c.

Login Root Container again and Stop a PDB

SQL> conn sys as sysdba
Enter password: 
Connected.
SQL> alter pluggable database PDBORCL close immediate;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> 

Register a Entry of a PDB

Edit config file /$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora.
ORCL =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = orcl.localdomain)
    )
  )

<strong>PDBORCL =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = pdborcl.localdomain)
    )
  )</strong>
Save and quit. Go to open this PDB again. Now you can access PDBORCL by service name.
[[email protected] admin]$ sqlplus [email protected] as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Oct 28 00:08:52 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter password: 

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

SQL> 
And the most importance is that now you are able to remotely connect this PDB! \
Now you application can use this DB as well.
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