CentOS5上安装Oracle10g

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CentOS5上安装Oracle10g

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

原创作品,出自 深蓝的blog 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。深蓝的blog:http: blog csdn net huangyanlong article details 401805791 域名解析设置及网络配置

原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。

深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/40180579

1. 域名解析设置及网络配置

# vi /etc/hosts 
127.0.0.1         localhost.localdomain localhost
::1               localhost6.localdomain6 localhost6
192.168.56.103    hyl
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
--修改网卡配置
--若在安装系统时设置,此处可不进行修改
# Intel Corporation 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller
DEVICE=eth0
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.56.103
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
HWADDR=08:00:27:29:DB:B2
ONBOOT=yes
~

# service network restart
--重启网卡使其生效
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network
NETWORKING=yes
NETWORKING_IPV6=no
HOSTNAME=hyl
~

2. 安装包

根据官方文档准备rpm包,上传至服务器

需要的包如下所示:

\

执行脚本实现:

#vi CentOS5.6-10g-script.sh
--脚本实现两种功能
--功能1:安装rpm包并记录日志,安装后删除相关包
--功能2:检查安装的rpm包并记录日志
rpm -ivh binutils-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh binutils-devel-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1 
rpm -ivh binutils-devel-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh control-center-2.16.0-16.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh control-center-2.16.0-16.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh control-center-devel-2.16.0-16.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh control-center-devel-2.16.0-16.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh gcc-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh gcc-c++-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-2.5-58.i686.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-common-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-devel-2.5-58.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-devel-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-headers-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh glibc-utils-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libX11-1.0.3-11.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libX11-1.0.3-11.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libX11-devel-1.0.3-11.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libX11-devel-1.0.3-11.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXp-devel-1.0.0-8.1.el5.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXp-devel-1.0.0-8.1.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXpm-3.5.5-3.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXpm-3.5.5-3.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXpm-devel-3.5.5-3.i386.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh libXpm-devel-3.5.5-3.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh make-3.81-3.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh pdksh-5.2.14-36.el5.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1
rpm -ivh sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1.x86_64.rpm >> rpm.log 2>&1 
rm -rf binutils-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf binutils-devel-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf binutils-devel-2.17.50.0.6-14.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.i386.rpm
rm -rf compat-db-4.2.52-5.1.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf control-center-2.16.0-16.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf control-center-2.16.0-16.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf control-center-devel-2.16.0-16.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf control-center-devel-2.16.0-16.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf gcc-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf gcc-c++-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf glibc-2.5-58.i686.rpm
rm -rf glibc-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf glibc-common-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf glibc-devel-2.5-58.i386.rpm
rm -rf glibc-devel-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf glibc-headers-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf glibc-utils-2.5-58.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf libstdc++-devel-4.1.2-50.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libX11-1.0.3-11.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf libX11-1.0.3-11.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libX11-devel-1.0.3-11.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf libX11-devel-1.0.3-11.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf libXp-1.0.0-8.1.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libXp-devel-1.0.0-8.1.el5.i386.rpm
rm -rf libXp-devel-1.0.0-8.1.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libXpm-3.5.5-3.i386.rpm
rm -rf libXpm-3.5.5-3.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf libXpm-devel-3.5.5-3.i386.rpm
rm -rf libXpm-devel-3.5.5-3.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf make-3.81-3.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf pdksh-5.2.14-36.el5.x86_64.rpm
rm -rf sysstat-7.0.2-3.el5_5.1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -qa|grep binutils >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep compat >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep control >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep gcc >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep glibc >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep gnome >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep libstdc++ >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep make >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep pdksh >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
rpm -qa|grep sysstat >> queryrpm.log 2>&1
#sh CentOS5.6-10g-script.sh 

3. 创建用户、组、目录

# groupadd oinstall
# groupadd dba
# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New UNIX password: oracle
BAD PASSWORD: it is based on a dictionary word
Retype new UNIX password: oracle
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
# id oracle
uid=501(oracle) gid=501(oinstall) groups=501(oinstall),502(dba)
# mkdir -p /home/u01/app/oracle
# mkdir -p /home/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /home/u01/app/oracle
# chmod -R 775 /home/u01/app/oracle 

4. 配置内核参数、修改环境变量

# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
添加:
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_max = 262144
~
# sysctl -p
--使内核参数生效
# su - oracle
$ vi .bash_profile
--修改oracle用户的环境配置文件
--执行:su - oracle 切换到oracle用户环境,然后编辑 .bash_profile 文件,更改PATH的配置,同时在环境变量中增加NLS_LANG的配置
ORACLE_BASE=/home/u01/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1
ORACLE_SID=hyl
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib
export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID PATH LD_LIBRARY_PATH 

5. 设置shell限制

--添加以下参数

# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

# vi /etc/pam.d/login

--添加以下参数

session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so

session required pam_limits.so

# vi /etc/profile --添加以下参数

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

ulimit -p 16384

ulimit -n 65536

else

ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

fi

fi

--在/etc/profile文件中修改以下内容

ulimit –s –c 0 >/dev/null 2> &1 修改为

ulimit –s –c unlimited >/dev/null 2> &1

6. 解压安装包、修改版本检查

下面列举针对不同压缩包时,我们具体的应对方法,以下列举较为常见的三种包格式。

(例1)、解压.cpio.gz格式包

# zcat 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz | cpio -idmv > /dev/null 2>&1

(例2)、解压.cpio格式包

# cpio -idmv < 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio

(例3)、解压.zip

# unzip p8202632_10205_Linux-x86-64.zip

# vi /home/oracle/downloads/database/install/oraparam.ini

--添加redhat-5如下所示

[Certified Versions]

Linux=redhat-5,redhat-3,SuSE-9,redhat-4,UnitedLinux-1.0,asianux-1,asianux-2

7. 图形化安装oracle、dbca建库、netca配置监听

(略)

说明:由于图形化安装非常简单,可以尝试自己摸索安装练习,或参阅我的其它文章,链接地址如下:

CentOS5.6下安装10G软件 【保留报错经验】

dbca 建库、配置监听、导入数据(CentOS5.6+Oracle10G)

8. 配置开机启动实例

# vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

--添加开机启动实例、监听语句

#!/bin/sh

#

# This script will be executed *after* all the other init scripts.

# You can put your own initialization stuff in here if you don't

# want to do the full Sys V style init stuff.

touch /var/lock/subsys/local

su - oracle -c "/home/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/dbstart start"

su - oracle -c "/home/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/lsnrctl start"

~

~

~

# vi /etc/oratab --修改开机启动,将值由N设为Y

hyl:/home/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1:Y

原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。

深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/40180579

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