CentOS6上安装Oracle11g

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CentOS6上安装Oracle11g

来源: 作者: 时间:2016-02-16 09:27 【

原创作品,出自 深蓝的blog 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。深蓝的blog:http: blog csdn net huangyanlong article details 401816611 主机配置[[email protected]

原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。

深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/40181661

1. 主机配置

[[email protected] /]# vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.56.61 hyltest

~

~

[[email protected] /]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE="eth0"

NM_CONTROLLED="yes"

ONBOOT="yes"

HWADDR=08:00:27:97:CF:CA

TYPE=Ethernet

BOOTPROTO=none

IPADDR=192.168.56.61

PREFIX=24

DEFROUTE=yes

IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=yes

IPV6INIT=no

NAME="System eth0"

UUID=5fb06bd0-0bb0-7ffb-45f1-d6edd65f3e03

~

~

[[email protected] /]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network

NETWORKING=yes

HOSTNAME=hyltest

~

~

#vi serverstop.sh

--编写关闭服务脚本

chkconfig iptables off
chkconfig ip6tables off
chkconfig cups off
chkconfig firstboot off
chkconfig wpa_supplicant off
chkconfig postfix off
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
sed -i 's/^GSSAPIAuthentication yes$/GSSAPIAuthentication no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i 's/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
#sh serverstop.sh

--执行关闭服务脚本

2. 安装包等

官方文档要求安装的包:

The following packages (or later versions) must be installed:

binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.11.el6.i686

compat-libcap1-1.10-1.i686

compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686

gcc-4.4.4-13.el6.i686

gcc-c++-4.4.4-13.el6.i686

glibc-2.12-1.7.el6.i686

glibc-devel-2.12-1.7.el6.i686

ksh

libgcc-4.4.4-13.el6.i686

libstdc++-4.4.4-13.el6.i686

libstdc++-devel-4.4.4-13.el6.i686

libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.i686

libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.i686

make-3.81-19.el6.i686

sysstat-9.0.4-11.el6.i686

根据官方文档要求,上传相应的包,如下:

\

#vi rpm.sh

--编写安装rpm包脚本

rpm -ivh binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.28.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh binutils-devel-2.20.51.0.2-5.28.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh binutils-devel-2.20.51.0.2-5.28.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh compat-libcap1-1.10-1.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh compat-libcap1-1.10-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-144.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-69.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh gcc-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh gcc-c++-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-2.12-1.47.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-devel-2.12-1.47.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh glibc-devel-2.12-1.47.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh ksh-20100621-12.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh libaio-devel-0.3.107-10.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libgcc-4.4.6-3.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh libgcc-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libstdc++-4.4.6-3.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh libstdc++-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libstdc++-devel-4.4.6-3.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh libstdc++-devel-4.4.6-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh make-3.81-19.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh sysstat-9.0.4-18.el6.x86_64.rpm
#sh rpm.sh

--执行安装rpm包脚本

配置yum

参考其它文章,访问地址如下:

http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/38614971

#vi yum.sh

--编写yum安装脚本,脚本里使用yum安装的与rpm包单独安装的有重复的,但没关系遇到已安装过的包时会自动检查版本跳过安装

yum -y install autoconf
yum -y install automake
yum -y install binutils-devel
yum -y install bison
yum -y install cpp
yum -y install dos2unix
yum -y install ftp
yum -y install gcc
yum -y install gcc-c++
yum -y install lrzsz
yum -y install python-devel
yum -y install compat-db
yum -y install compat-db42
yum -y install compat-db43
yum -y install compat-gcc-34
yum -y install compat-gcc-34-c++
yum -y install compatlibstdc++-33
yum -y install glibc-*
yum -y install glibc-*.i686
yum -y install libXpm-*.i686
yum -y install libXp.so.6
yum -y install libXt.so.6
yum -y install libXtst.so.6
yum -y install libgcc_s.so.1
yum -y install ksh
yum -y install libXp
yum -y install libaio-devel
yum -y install numactl
yum -y install numactl-devel
yum -y install unixODBC
yum -y install unixODBC-devel
#sh yum.sh

--执行yum安装脚本

3. 添加用户、组、目录

[[email protected] /]# groupadd oinstall

--添加oinstall组

[[email protected] /]# groupadd dba

--添加dba组

[[email protected] /]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle

--添加oracle用户,主组为oinstall,属组为dba

[[email protected] /]# passwd oracle

--为oracle用户创建密码

Changing password for user oracle.

New password:

BAD PASSWORD: it is based on a dictionary word

BAD PASSWORD: is too simple

Retype new password:

passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[[email protected] /]# id oracle

--查看oracle的id值

uid=501(oracle) gid=602(oinstall) groups=602(oinstall),603(dba)

[[email protected] /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

--创建oracle相关目录

[[email protected] /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory

[[email protected] /]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app

--将目录归属于oracle及其相关组

[[email protected] /]# chmod -R 775 /u01/app

--赋予oracle对相关目录的访问权限

4. 配置内核参数等

[[email protected] /]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

--修改内核参数

kernel.shmall = 4294967296

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

fs.file-max = 65536

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_max = 262144

~

[[email protected] /]# sysctl –p

--使修改的内核参数生效

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0

net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1

net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

kernel.sysrq = 0

kernel.core_uses_pid = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0

net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0

net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0

kernel.msgmnb = 65536

kernel.msgmax = 65536

kernel.shmmax = 68719476736

kernel.shmall = 4294967296

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

fs.file-max = 65536

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_max = 262144

[[email protected] ~]$ vi .bash_profile

--修改oracle环境变量

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/db_1

ORACLE_SID=xcky

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib

export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID PATH LD_LIBRARY_PATH

~

~

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

--修改系统限制

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

~

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/pam.d/login

session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so

session required pam_limits.so

~

~

# vi /etc/profile

--添加以下参数

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

ulimit -p 16384

ulimit -n 65536

else

ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

fi

fi

5. 解压安装包

解压

例:解压.zip

# unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip

# unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip

6. 图形化安装oracle11g

使用X-manager远程调用图形化界面,如下图中指令:

\

操作如下:

[[email protected] ~]# xhost +

--开启图形化功能

access control disabled, clients can connect from any host

[[email protected] ~]# su - oracle

[[email protected] ~]$ cd /soft

[[email protected] soft]$ ls

database rpm11 rpm11odbc rpm.sh serverstop.sh yum.sh

[[email protected] soft]$ cd database

[[email protected] database]$ ls

install response runInstaller stage

readme. rpm sshsetup welcome.html

[[email protected] database]$ ./runInstaller

--执行安装程序

Starting Universal Installer...

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 120 MB. Actual 15998 MB Passed

Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB. Actual 4095 MB Passed

Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors. Actual 16777216 Passed

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2014-10-15_08-33-36PM. Please wait ...[[email protected] database]$ You can find the log of this install session at:

/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2014-10-15_08-33-36PM.log

进入到图形化后,按照提示逐步进行即可,参考过程如下:

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

[[email protected] ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete.

[[email protected] ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete.

[[email protected] ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh

Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g

The following environment variables are set as:

ORACLE_OWNER= oracle

ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Creating /etc/oratab file...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Finished product-specific root actions.

\

7. dbca建库

[[email protected] database]$ dbca

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

8. netca配置监听

[[email protected] database]$ netca

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

\

9. 配置开机实例自启动

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

#!/bin/sh

#

# This script will be executed *after* all the other init scripts.

# You can put your own initialization stuff in here if you don't

# want to do the full Sys V style init stuff.

touch /var/lock/subsys/local

su - oracle -c "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/dbstart start"

su - oracle -c "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/lsnrctl start"

~

~

~

~

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/oratab

# This file is used by ORACLE utilities. It is created by root.sh

# and updated by either Database Configuration Assistant while creating

# a database or ASM Configuration Assistant while creating ASM instance.

# A colon, ':', is used as the field terminator. A new line terminates

# the entry. Lines beginning with a pound sign, '#', are comments.

#

# Entries are of the form:

# $ORACLE_SID:$ORACLE_HOME:<N|Y>:

#

# The first and second fields are the system identifier and home

# directory of the database respectively. The third filed indicates

# to the dbstart utility that the database should , "Y", or should not,

# "N", be brought up at system boot time.

#

# Multiple entries with the same $ORACLE_SID are not allowed.

#

#

xcky:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1:Y

~

"/etc/oratab" 23L, 784C written

原创作品,出自 “深蓝的blog” 博客,欢迎转载,转载时请务必注明以下出处,否则追究版权法律责任。

深蓝的blog:http://blog.csdn.net/huangyanlong/article/details/40181661

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