perl读写文件代码实例

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perl读写文件代码实例

来源:互联网 作者:脚本宝典 时间:2015-07-21 18:52 【

#mode operand create truncate #read #write yes yes #append yes Case 1: Throw an exception if you cannot open the file: 复制代码 代码如下: use strict; use warnings; my $filename = data.txt; open(my $fh, :encoding(UTF-8), $filename) o

#mode operand create truncate
#read < 
#write >  yes yes 
#append >> yes

Case 1: Throw an exception if you cannot open the file:

复制代码代码如下:


use strict;
use warnings;
 
my $filename = 'data.txt';
open(my $fh, '<:encoding(UTF-8)', $filename)
or die "Could not open file '$filename' with the error $!";
 
while (my $row = <$fh>) {
chomp $row;
print "$row\n";
}
close($fh);

  


Case 2: Give a warning if you cannot open the file, but keep running:

复制代码代码如下:


use strict;
use warnings;
 
my $filename = 'data.txt';
if (open(my $fh, '<:encoding(UTF-8)', $filename)) {
while (my $row = <$fh>) {
chomp $row;
print "$row\n";
}
close($fh);
} else {
warn "Could not open file '$filename' $!";
}

  


Case 3: Read one file into array

复制代码代码如下:


use strict;
use warnings;
 
my $filename = 'data.txt';
open (FILEIN, "<", $filename) 
or die "Could not open file '$filename' with the error $!";
my @FileContents = <FILEIN>;
for my $l (@FileContents){
print "$l\n";
}
close FILEIN;

  


end


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